CHAPTER VI
LA FARCE D'UN PARDONNEUR, PARDONER AND FRIAR, THE FOUR PP

TEXTS. I cite from the modern reprint of the farce ( Ancien thçàtre françois, ii. 50-63) with marginal readings in square brackets from the text in the British Museum collection. Negligible editorial alterations are not noted.

I cite from the Tudor facsimile text of Pardoner and friar, with page references to Farmer's collected edition, and from the text of Four PP in Manly's Specimens.

THE CONTENTIONS TO BE EXAMINED IN THIS CHAPTER ARE that the Farce d'un pardonneur was the source of Heywood's Pardoner and friar, and had some influence on his Four PP.

Pardoner and friar was printed by William Rastell in 1533. No earlier edition is known; but the reference ([A. iii], p. 9) to Leo X is strong evidence that it was written before his death in 1521. Reed suggests (p. 141) that it was probably written about 1519, on the ground that in 1517 Leo X 'had authorized the famous sale of indulgences' for the building of St. Peter's, and that such a play 'would be received with full popular approbation' at a time when his pardoners were becoming troublesome. The suggestion is tentative and seems to rest on a misconception. The St. Peter's bull, Liquet omnibus, was issued by Julius II in 1510,1 and farmed for some years, at first in Italy, and then, from the beginning of 1515, in various countries beyond the Alps.2 In 1517 John Tetzel began to farm it in Germany; but it seems never to have been promulgated at all in France or England.3 Indulgences were a regular feature of church discipline, and no doubt pardoners were busy enough in England at all times.4 Domestic inconvenience rather than

____________________
1
H. C. Lea, Auricular confession and indulgences ( London, 1896), iii. 74.
2
Ibid., p. 386; A. Vacant and E. Maginot, Dictionnaire de théologie catholique, vii, pt. 2 ( 1923), cols. 1615 and 1618-9.
3
H. C. Lea, op cit., iii. 386, note 4 (at p. 387).
4
In 1514, for instance, an indulgence was offered to all who would visit an English cathedral church and contribute towards the building of Norham Castle ( Lea, op. cit., iii. 283); and Rymer Federa, etc. ( The Hague, 1739-45) vi, pt. 1, 59, records a papal letter of March in the same year requesting the king to permit the sale of an indulgence in England. St. Leonard's chapel, referred to in the play as lately destroyed by fire, has not been identified ( Reed, p. 141).

-70-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
French Farce & John Heywood
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 178

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?