Iran: Dilemmas of Dual Containment

By Anthony H. Cordesman; Ahmed S. Hashim | Go to book overview

8
Iran's Conventional
Military Forces

Like Iran's relations with its neighbors and its support of extremism, Iran's conventional military capabilities are key indicators of the character of the regime and the risk it poses to its neighbors. However, Iran cannot be analyzed simply in terms of its current military strength. It must be studied in the broader context of its military politics, the scale of its military expenditures and arms imports, its military demographics, and war fighting capabilities. It is also important to distinguish between Iran's capability to challenge the US and Southern Gulf states in a major regional contingency, and its capacity to intimidate the Gulf states and conduct more limited and less conventional forms of war.


The Control and Leadership of Iran's Military Forces

Iran has attempted to reform the overall organization of its military forces since the Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini's death but with only moderate success. The division of Iran's military forces into "regular" and "revolutionary'' branches has long been a source of internal problems. Rafsanjani recognized this when he was appointed commander-in-chief during the Iran-Iraq War, but Khomeini blocked his efforts from June, 1988 to August, 1989, to merge the Islamic Revolutionary Guards with the Iranian regular army. After the war, Khomeini put a hard-line mullah in a position where he had authority nearly equal to that of Rafsanjani and gave him supervisory authority over the IRGC Minister Ali Shamkhani and IRGC Commander Mohsen Rezaii. These actions reinforced the feuding between Iran's regular forces and the IRGC that helped contribute to Iran's defeat at the hands of Iraq. 309

Rafsanjani and Khamenei seem to have reached a working accord over the control of the armed forces since Khomeini's death. Khamenei automatically became the formal commander of the armed forces when he became leader and president on September 2, 1989. At the same time, Raf

-165-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Iran: Dilemmas of Dual Containment
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 368

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.