Personal Memoirs of U.S. Grant - Vol. 1

By Ulysses S. Grant | Go to book overview
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CHAPTER XXXVIII.
JOHNSTON'S MOVEMENTS -- FORTIFICATIONS AT HAINES'
BLUFF -- EXPLOSION OF THE MINE -- EXPLOSION OF
THE SECOND MINE -- PREPARING FOR THE ASSAULT
-- THE FLAG OF TRUCE -- MEETING WITH PEMBER
TON -- NEGOTIATIONS FOR SURRENDER -- ACCEPTING
THE TERMS -- SURRENDER OF VICKSBURG.

ON the 22d of June positive information was received that Johnston had crossed the Big Black River for the purpose of attacking our rear, to raise the siege and release Pemberton. The correspondence between Johnston and Pemberton shows that all expectation of holding Vicksburg had by this time passed from Johnston's mind. I immediately ordered Sherman to the command of all the forces from Haines' Bluff to the Big Black River. This amounted now to quite half the troops about Vicksburg. Besides these, Herron and A. J. Smith's divisions were ordered to hold themselves in readiness to reinforce Sherman. Haines' Bluff had been strongly fortified on the land side, and on all commanding points from there to the Big Black at the railroad crossing batteries had been constructed. The work

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