Czechoslovakia: Anvil of the Cold War

By John O. Crane; Sylvia E. Crane | Go to book overview

ripe for this." They were reassured of "Soviet agreement to the integral restoration of Czechoslovakia's pre-Munich frontiers, specifically cover[ing] Teschen... The Russians [seemed] sympathetic to Dr. Beneš' proposal to advance the Czechoslovak frontier slightly to cover Moravska Ostrava... at the expense of the Poles," who were being compensated with all of Silesia.48

Trouble with the Russians had arisen, however, in the field. Reports reached Beneš that "the Russians were dismantling factories in Slovakia and taking away equipment on the pretext that it had been supplied by the Germans. This and the behavior of some of the Soviet troops [were] causing great dissatisfaction in Slovakia and Ruthenia." Beneš naturally did not share the Red Army's interpretation of "booty."49

Setting aside this problem, for which there was no quick remedy, Beneš decided not to delay his return home over a discussion of it with the Soviet leaders. The time had come for his departure for Košice to reconstitute his independent government. He agreed that Masaryk should return to the United States via London to attend the organizing conference of the United Nations in San Francisco. President Beneš arrived in Košice on April 3, 1945, well before the liberation of all of Slovakia, not to mention the other Czechoslovak provinces. On home ground, on April 7th, he announced the formation of his new government, headed by Prime Minister Fierlinger.50


NOTES
1.
Secret Information bulletin, Czechoslovak Information Section, London, to U.S. State Department, National Archives 1218, reel 29, Washington, D.C.
2.
"Situation in Czechoslovakia", February 16, 1944, State Dept. "Czechoslovak Series", National Archives 1218, reel 29.
3.
Ibid., p. 3 of report.
4.
Ibid.
5.
Private Czechoslovak intelligence report, National Archives, 1218, reel 29, undated.
6.
U.S. Embassy in London, "Czechoslovak Series," September 25, 1944, National Archives 1218, reel 29.
7.
General Čatloš report, National Archives, 1218, reel 29.?
8.
" Beneš's Address to the Czechoslovak Troops," March 17, 1944, filed April 12, 1944, National Archives 1218, reel 29.
9.
British Embassy near Czechoslovakia to Anthony Eden, April 3, 1945, FO 371/v. 47139-110145.
10.
Rudolf Schoenfeld, London, report on Czechoslovakia to Secretary of State, March 17, 1944, National Archives 1218, reel 30.

-232-

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Czechoslovakia: Anvil of the Cold War
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Foreword ix
  • Acknowledgments xiii
  • Introduction xvii
  • Notes xxvi
  • 1- The Independence Movement Commences 1
  • Notes 10
  • 2- Founding of the Legions: Entrapment in Anti- Bolshevik Intervention 11
  • Notes 26
  • 3- The Legions Anabasis To the Sea 30
  • Notes 46
  • 4- Masaryk in America 50
  • Notes 62
  • 5- Drawing the Frontiers 63
  • Notes 70
  • 6- Internal Stabilization 72
  • Notes 84
  • 7- The Beneš Succession: Storm Warnings (1935-38) 85
  • Notes 101
  • 8- The Sudeten Fires Flare (1938) 103
  • Notes 121
  • 9- Summer Turmoil (1938) 124
  • Notes 130
  • 10- The Runciman Mission (summer 1938) 131
  • Notes 148
  • 11- Munich (september 1938) 151
  • Notes 169
  • 12- Aftermath of Munich (1938-41) 172
  • Notes 185
  • 13- War on Two Fronts (1941) 187
  • Notes 202
  • 14- Wartime Conferences And Treaties 205
  • Notes 215
  • 15- The Slovak Uprising: The Government's Return Home 218
  • Notes 232
  • 16- The Government Reconstituted On Home Ground (1945) 235
  • Notes 245
  • 17- Nationalities Transfers And Allied Army Withdrawals (1945) 247
  • Notes 255
  • 18- Democratic Socialization (1945-46) 257
  • Notes 271
  • 19- Cold War Beginnings (1946) 273
  • Notes 287
  • 20- Storm Signals (1947) 290
  • Notes 306
  • 21- The Communist Coup (1947-48) 308
  • Notes 318
  • 22- The Death of Jan Masaryk (1948) 320
  • Notes 332
  • Abbreviations 333
  • Bibliography 335
  • Index 343
  • About the Authors 353
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