International Law and Diplomacy in the Spanish Civil Strife

By Norman J. Padelford; Bureau of International Research of Harvard University and Radcliffe College. | Go to book overview

CHAPTER VII
THE TERMINATION OF THE STRIFE

THE FALL of Barcelona and the collapse of all armed resistance in Catalonia early in February, 1939,1 coupled with the flight of the Spanish Republican Government into France,2 signalized the possibility of an early termination of the warfare in Spain. Considering the length, magnitude and repercussions of the strife, it was inevitable that the conclusion of hostilities should be accompanied by international complications.


FLIGHT OF THE SPANISH GOVERNMENT TO FRANCE

The passage of President Azaña and members of his government into France on February 5, followed by the flight of Premier Negrín and other officials on February 9, raised diplomatic and legal issues not only for France but for all states which had continued to station diplomatic representatives near the Spanish Republican Government. It was announced by the French Government on February 9 that the former established government of Spain would be considered "no longer in existence" from the moment that Premier Negrín took refuge in French territory.3 Notwithstanding this pronouncement, the French Government continued to deal with the Republican leaders, both through Ambassador Jules Henry, who was stationed in southern France, and through the Spanish Embassy in Paris, to which President Azaña and others repaired, until the insurgents were reccognized as the de jure Government of Spain on February 27.4 In the meantime, Senator Léon Bérard was appointed "official representative of France" at Burgos on February 15, in order to facilitate negotiations with the insurgent authorities.5 The situation of the Spanish Republican Government located in France recalls the period

____________________
1
New York Times, Feb. 10, 1939.
2
Ibid., Feb. 6, 1939.
3
Associated Press dispatch in New York Sun, Feb. 10, 1939.
4
New York Times, Feb. 14, 28, 1939.
5
London Times, Feb. 16, 1939.

-189-

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International Law and Diplomacy in the Spanish Civil Strife
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface vii
  • Contents xi
  • Chapter I - The Legal Status of the Contesting Parties 1
  • Conclusions 23
  • Chapter II - Interference with Foreign Shipping 25
  • Conclusions 50
  • Chapter III - The International Non-Intervention System 53
  • Chapter IV - The League of Nations and the Civil Strife 121
  • Conclusions 140
  • Chapter V - Problems in Diplomatic and Consular Relations 144
  • Conclusions 167
  • Chapter VI - The United States and the Civil Strife 169
  • Summary of American Policy 187
  • Chapter VII - The Termination of the Strife 189
  • Chapter VIII - Conclusion 196
  • Appendices 203
  • Index 675
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