sion. I do not want to see an era of blood and chaos to convert men to the only practical methods of justice." Is it conceivable that we should rest our hopes again upon some renovated scheme of mutual assistance? Such systems may look well on paper; but paper, as Catherine of Russia said, is not so ticklish as the human skin--and this is the raw material supplied in the last resort to the ingenuity of statesmen. When the time comes to build again a world organization, they will do well to take care to reckon, as Sir Halford Mackinder had warned them twenty-five years ago, with "realities"--not merely with economic realities, but with physical and geographical, with human and with political realities; in their calculations, the size of continents, the width of seas, the shape of coastlines, the position of rivers, mountains, plains and deserts, of islands, canals and straits--and, above all, of the numbers and character of peoples, must enter as much as the figures for wheat, coal, of petroleum output; their first task, before they can lay down the durable foundations of world organization, will be to consider the materials out of which it is to be built. . . .

Walter Lippmann:


In 1919 Walter Lippmann ardently supported the Wilsonian peace program. He helped to prepare an important memorandum explaining to the Allies what each of the Fourteen Points meant. Under Colonel House's direction he worked for Wilson at Paris. But when in 1943 Lippmann published his views on past and present requirements for American foreign policy, the following passages indicated a clear revision in his estimate of Wilson. Lippmann was well aware of this and other departures from his previous opinions. In a preface he explained that the conclusions set down here had been the product of long experience: "I have come to them slowly over thirty years, and as a result of many false starts, mistaken judgments, and serious disappointments."

THE occasion for going to war was Germany's unrestricted use of the submarine against American merchant shipping on the Atlantic routes from North America to the British Isles and France. But the substantial and compelling reason for going to war was that the cutting of the Atlantic communications meant the starvation of Britain and, therefore, the conquest of Western Europe by imperial Germany.

President Wilson avoided this explanation of his decision to intervene, choosing instead to base his decision upon the specific legal objection to unrestricted submarine warfare and upon a generalized moral objection to lawless and cruel aggression. But these superfi-

From U. S. Foreign Policy, by Walter Lippmann, pp. 33-39, 71-77. By permission of Little, Brown and Co. and The Atlantic Monthly Press. Copyright 1943 by Walter Lippmann.


Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Cite this page

Cited page

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Wilson at Versailles


Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 114

matching results for page

Cited passage

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?