See D. Novak, Jewish-Christian Dialogue ( New York, 1989), 14ff.
See B. Ned. 11a and parallels.
A good model for this is the concept of "mediation" (pesharah) in Jewish civil law. Pesharah is advocated (see B. Sanh. 6b-7a) when the full exercise of an individual
claim in a property dispute would result in one side becoming the winner and the
other the loser, thus resulting in a further rupture of the peace of the community in
which both parties participate. To avoid this result, each party is to be persuaded (but
not forced) to bracket his or her full claim with all its dissonance in favor of a partial
claim in order to not further impede what the two parties have and should have in
See D. Novak, The Election of Israel ( Cambridge, 1995), 40ff.
See Maimonides, Guide of the Perplexed, 2.33, on Ex. 20:3; also, Rom. 1:18-23.
See Lev. 10:1; R. Judah Halevi, Kuzari, 1.97; also, M. Halbertal and
A. Margalit, Idolatry, trans.
N. Goldblum ( Cambridge, Mass., 1992), 186ff.
See R. Abraham Gumbiner, Magen Avraham on Shulhan Aruch: Orah Hayyim, 128.37 based on B. Sanh. 74a on Lev. 22:32.
See Novak, The Election of Israel, 177ff.
See B. Kid. 70b, and Rashi, s.v. kashin gerim.
See, e.g., Pesiqta Rabbati, chap. 35 on Zech. 2:15, ed. Friedmann, p. 161a, and
chap. 40 on Lev. 23:24, p. 167b; Tanhuma: Tsav on Lev. 8:1, ed.
Buber, p. 9b; Maimonides
, Teshuvot ha-Rambam, 1, no. 149, ed. Blau ( Jerusalem, 1960), pp. 284ff. Cf. B.
Yev. 109a and Tos., s.v. "ra'ah."
See C. H. Dodd, The Apostolic Preaching ( New York, 1960), 93ff.
See B. Ber. 34b; 1 Cor. 2:9.