Daybreak of Freedom: The Montgomery Bus Boycott

By Stewart Burns | Go to book overview
Save to active project

Spring... 9...

Around the world, 1956 gave birth to new beginnings, fresh bursts of freedom sprouting from withering husks of the prewar order. The winning nonviolent movement in Ghana would render irreversible the overthrow of European colonialism in Africa, its last frontier. Poor nations of the South had banded together in Bandung, Indonesia, to create a "nonaligned" movement as an independent third force between the rival American and Soviet empires. In Moscow, the new Communist Party leader, Nikita Khrushchev, denounced Stalinist crimes at a party congress in February, sparking disaffection among communists worldwide and a democratic revolt in Hungary that Soviet tanks would crush in the fall.

In the United States the demise of Senator Joseph McCarthy diminished the anticommunist witchhunt that bore his name, opening up breathing space in the constricted vessels of American political culture for bold new ideas and initiatives. The South's doubly virulent mix of McCarthyism and white supremacy abated enough to allow a new generation of African American leadership to find footholds in the brittle wall of segregation, Young leaders like King, Ralph Abernathy, and Jo Ann Robinson in Montgomery, Fred Shuttlesworth in Birmingham, and Medgar Evers in Mississippi danced warily with pillars of the noncommunist American Left, white and black. They reached out for guidance from figures such as A. Philip Randolph, Ella Baker, A. J. Muste, and Norman Thomas, while holding them at arm's length. They energized and helped reconstruct a national black leadership network (ministers, educators, journalists, politicians) paralyzed by McCarthyism that would

-235-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Daybreak of Freedom: The Montgomery Bus Boycott
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 362

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?