Gettysburg--Culp's Hill and Cemetery Hill

By Harry W. Pfanz | Go to book overview

13
JOHNSON ATTACKS!

The roar of the Federal artillery subsided to the occasional bark of individual shots and then to relative silence. Mounted officers trotted along the line of "Maryland" Steuart's brigade, and as they passed along the fronts of its regiments of Virginians, North Carolinians, and Marylanders, the soldiers grasped their rifles, stood, stretched, and, at the urging of sergeants and officers, formed a long double-ranked line. Lt. Col. James R. Herbert of the 1st Maryland Battalion called to his major and his staff, "Mount your horses quickly for we are going in." Herbert cantered to the front of his battalion's line and after a pause, as if to echo the distant protracted shouts from other commanders along the brigade's front, bawled in stentorian tones, "Forward--guide center! March!"1

Johnson's advance came after a day of preparation and waiting. The division had not seized Culp's Hill during the previous night because the enemy had occupied it first. Contrary to the expectations of Ewell and his generals, General Longstreet made no morning advance on the Confederate right. Before dawn, General Lee had told Ewell to delay his attack until he heard Longstreet's guns open on the left. Then, early in the morning, the assault time was postponed to late afternoon; Lee instructed Ewell to make a diversion in favor of the attacking troops on the Confederate right, "to be converted into a real attack if an opportunity offered."2

In later years, with the advantage of hindsight, many Confederates remarked on their inactivity, expressing surprise and disapproval of it. Lt. Col. David Zable, commander of the 14th Louisiana, recalled that "all were looking for the command to advance" and that there was restlessness as

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Gettysburg--Culp's Hill and Cemetery Hill
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page ii
  • Contents vii
  • Maps ix
  • Illustrations xi
  • Preface xv
  • Acknowledgments xvii
  • 1 - The Generals and Their Armies 1
  • 2 - The Only Position 15
  • 3 - Ewell and Howard Collide 31
  • 4 - Retreat to Cemetery Hill 45
  • 5 - The Rebels Take the Town 59
  • 6 - Ewell Hesitates 71
  • 7 - Slocum and Hancock Reach the Field 88
  • 8 - Getting Ready for the Fight 106
  • 9 - Skirmishers, Sharpshooters, and Civilians 129
  • 10 - Brinkerhoff's Ridge 153
  • 11 - The Artillery, 2 July 168
  • 12 - Blunder on the Right 190
  • 13 - Johnson Attacks! 205
  • 14 - Early Attacks Cemetery Hill 235
  • 15 - Cemetery Hill- the Repulse 263
  • 16 - Culp's Hill- Johnson's Assault, 3 July 284
  • 17 - The Last Attacks 310
  • 18 - Counterattacks near Spangler's Spring 328
  • 19 - 3 July, Mostly Afternoon 353
  • 20 - Epilogue 365
  • Appendix A - Spangler's Spring 377
  • Appendix B - Two Controversies 379
  • Appendix C - Order of Battle: Army of the Potomac and Army of Northern Virginia, 1-3 July 1863 383
  • Notes 407
  • Bibliography 471
  • Index 489
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