International Encyclopedia of Public Policy and Administration - Vol. 2

By Jay M. Shafritz | Go to book overview

eral federal agencies to provide grants to states and localities to increase subsidized housing and shelter support for the homeless and to provide services to the homeless and those vulnerable to becoming homeless.

States have generally played a lesser role than localities and the federal government in addressing homelessness. A number of states have initiated eviction-prevention programs, provided matching funds for federal programs, and undertaken coordinating efforts.

The policy and programmatic response to homelessness has evolved over the years from, essentially, shortterm emergency efforts to recognition that resolving the homeless problem requires a more sustained and broadbased effort. Recent initiatives include providing priority to homeless families for permanent housing subsidy; supporting transitional housing programs, which provide six- month to two-year housing, along with job training and other services; linking services with permanent housing; and other efforts. Many localities are working to develop coordinated systems of services for homeless individuals and families. some are developing centralized intake services, even though much of the emergency support is provided by a diverse collection of nonprofit and governmental organizations.

Homelessness as a problem has an uncertain future. Although the policy response has begun to recognize the serious and enduring nature of the problem, there are few indications that certain solutions have been found. Indeed, one fear is that large-scale homelessness will become accepted; some would say that it has already been accepted as a normal part of society. Others believe that a foundation has been laid for genuine, sustained progress in eliminating the problem.



Baum, Alice S., and Donald Burnes W, 1993. A Nation in Denial. The Truth About Homelessness. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Blau, Joel, 1992. The Visible Poor. Homelessness in the United States. New York: Oxford University Press.

Burt, Martha R., 1992. Over the Edge: The Growth of Homelessness in the 1980s. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Burt, Martha R., and Barbara E. Cohen, 1989. America's Homeless: Numbers, Characteristics, and Programs That Serve Them. Washington, DC: Urban Institute Press.

Caplow, Theodore, Howard M. Bahr, and David Sternberg, 1968. "Homelessness". In David L. Sills, ed., International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences. pp. 494-499. New York: Macmillan and the Free Press.

Fallis, George, and Alex Murray, eds., 1990. Housing the Homeless and Poor. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Glasser, Irene, 1994. Homelessness in Global Perspective. New York: G. K. Hall.

Jencks, Christopher, 1994. The Homeless. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Rossi, Peter H., 1989. Down and Out in America: The Origins of Homelessness. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Schutt, Russell K., 1992. Responding to the Homeless: Policy and Practice. New York: Plenum Press.

Seltser, Barry Jay, and Donald E. Miller, 1993. Homeless Families: The Struggle for Dignity. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, 1994. Priority: Home!: The Federal Plan to Break the Cycle of Homelessness. Washington, DC: GPO.

Wright, James D., 1989. Address Unknown: The Homeless in America. New York: Walter deGruyter.

HOOVER COMMISSIONS. Two comprehensive studies established by congressional statute in 1947 and again in 1953 and undertaken in the years 1947-1949 and 1953-1955 that focused on the executive branch of government in United States. The two commissions examined the organization and functions of public administration and the need to curtail government growth.

Although the formal designation of each of these study commissions was "A Commission on Organization of the Executive Branch of Government," the Hoover Commission derived its title from its popular chair, President Herbert Hoover. Indeed, the studies themselves were infused with his personality and philosophy, derived first from his international business background and then from his experience as a public administrator and President ( Moe 1982).

The studies of the Hoover Commission were significant because they were inspired and commissioned by Congress and because they enjoyed the cooperation of both Congress and President in a unique joint effort to limit the size of government and to curtail the growth of the executive branch. The studies were broad and comprehensive in their coverage of these goals and bipartisan in their underlying assumptions concerning the role that public administration should play in the life of the nation. Over the years, numerous bills have been introduced in Congress to establish major study commissions patterned after the two Hoover Commissions.

The First Hoover Commission: 1947-1949

The first Hoover Commission was established by statute ( Statute 61 [ 1947]: 246) and was a milestone in public administration. As the first major national inquiry after World War II, it impacted United States public administration and initiated similar studies in other Western democracies.

The first Hoover Commission's charge was to examine the machinery of government. Its calling was supposed to be to reduce the number of government agencies created during World War II, but it did not do this. Instead, if focused its efforts on strengthening the executive branch of


Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Cite this page

Cited page

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)


1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25,

Cited page

Bookmark this page
International Encyclopedia of Public Policy and Administration - Vol. 2
Table of contents

Table of contents



Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 1240

matching results for page

Cited passage

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25,

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.