|The Juneberry, shadbush, or serviceberry is not to be confounded with the European serviceberry, which is of the same order of Rosaceae, but larger. The American shrub bears a sweet reddish-purple fruit of huckleberry size, and is often cultivated both for its blossoms and its berries.|
|Fort Hall, as we have said, was now in the hands of the Hudson's Bay Company. Frémont calls it a "foreign" trading post, and he was right; for while the company agents at the fort could not, and did not, treat the now large stream of emigrants with anything but friendliness, they surveyed the newcomers with a somewhat jealous eye. They did not wish to see the AngloAmerican control of the Pacific Northwest become a purely American control. Frémont very properly suggested a larger and better-stocked American post at or near this point on the Oregon Trail.|
|Emigrants from the east had until recently been compelled to discard their wagons at or near Fort Hall, and rely on pack horses alone to carry them over the very rough country to the west. Marcus Whitman in 1836 had got a twowheeled cart three hundred miles farther along to Fort Boisé. In 1840 a small party guided by Dr. Robert Newell tried to get to Oregon proper with wagons, but had to discard the wagon boxes along the way.|
|J. B. Chiles had been with the party of emigrants which in 1841 had crossed the Great Basin on the line of what Frémont later named the Humboldt River, surmounting the Sierra Nevada by the Sonora Pass, and coming down into California. Chiles was now leading another party. It divided at Fort Hall, Chiles himself going to Fort Boisé, and from that point traveling by the Pitt and Malheur rivers to the Sacramento Valley. The other section of the party, under Joseph Walker, went down the Humboldt, over to Walker Lake, and thence into California by Walker Pass. Chiles was a stalwart Missourian, who settled down on a grant from the Mexican Government.|
|Frémont was close here to the magnificent cataract of the Snake called Shoshone Falls, which in height (190 feet) exceeds Niagara, and in volume at times of flood hardly yields to the more famous waterfall. Had he known of it, he would doubtless have deviated to see it.|
|More accurately called Shoshone, and certainly of that family; no Snake tribe existed. Perhaps these belonged to the Bannock tribe.|
|The Salmon River Mountains are mainly in Lemhi County, Idaho, just under the Montana boundary. To the east of Lemhi lies Frémont County.|
|This was another post of the Hudson's Bay Company, and another important stopping place on the Oregon Trail. A fort had first been built in 1834 about seven miles above the point where the Boisé River empties into the Snake; later the fort which Frémont describes was placed at the junction of the two streams. The present-day city of Boisé is of course farther up the river of that name.|
|The Payette River and the town of Payette in Idaho (not to mention the Boisé-Payette Company, one of the Weyerhaeüser interests) commemorate the name of this hospitable French Canadian. T. J. Farnham a few years earlier had described him as "a merry, fat old gentleman of fifty."|
|That is, the party was abandoning the Snake River, so generally barren in its valley, to strike northwest into the well-wooded mountain country of|
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Publication information: Book title: Narratives of Exploration and Adventure. Contributors: John Charles Frémont - Author, Allan Nevins - Editor. Publisher: Longmans, Green. Place of publication: New York. Publication year: 1956. Page number: 305.
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