projected international Ever-Normal Granary, Wallace noted
that "we are writing the postwar world as we go along. . . ."
The New Deal had written much of its program as it went
along, subsuming a tendency toward humanitarian social reform under a commitment to save and expand the capitalist
system. During the war, social liberals had formulated, in the
plans for a world New Deal and a postwar welfare state, a
blueprint for transforming the New Deal into a coherent
program and faced powerful enemies who were no longer held
in check by mass unemployment. In the aftermath of the
BEW affair, social liberals would either have to adapt existing
political institutions to the program of a people's century or
accept a subordinate position within the New Deal coalition.
To a great extent, the future of the people's century would
be decided by Henry Wallace's struggle for renomination in 1944. In that struggle, both the strengths and weaknesses of
social liberalism as a political force would be dramatically
HAW to William F. Riley, September 30, 1941, HAW Papers, University of Iowa. The Wallace Papers, at the time they were consulted, had not been numbered by box number but by year, with
certain years having more than one box, and including special
collections donated by prominent persons and friends of HAW.
Malcolm Cowley, "The End of the New Deal", New Republic, LVIII ( May 31, 1943), p. 730.
For a brief and gloating summary of conservative victories over the New Deal, see Arthur Sears Henning in the Washington Times
Herald, July 19, 1943.
See Eric F. Goldman, Rendezvous with Destiny ( New York, 1952),
pp. 392-393, and Alonzo Hamby, "Sixty Million Jobs and the
People's Revolution", Historian, XXX ( August, 1968), pp. 578-98.
For examples of the work which pictures wartime liberalism as
utopian: Sidney Hook, "The New Failure of Nerve", Partisan
Review, X ( January-February, 1943), pp. 2-23. For the disillusionment created by the decade, see Arthur A. Ekirch, Jr., "The Decline
of American Liberalism" ( New York, 1955) and
Chester E. Eisinger, Fiction of the Forties ( Chicago, 1963).
Freda Kirchwey, "Program for Action", Nation, CLVIII ( March 11, 1944), p. 382. For a stimulating study that provides background for
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: The Rise and Fall of the People's Century: Henry A. Wallace and American Liberalism, 1941-1948.
Contributors: Norman D. Markowitz - Author.
Publisher: Free Press.
Place of publication: New York.
Publication year: 1973.
Page number: 74.
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