Representative Minor Religions
|1.||Envision the universe as consisting both of tangible, visible entities (such as people, animals, places, objects) and of unseen spirits that affect events in the visible world.|
|2.||Propose that when the elements of the universe are in proper balance, nature is at peace and people are free of pain and stress. When the elements are out of balance, natural disasters occur (earthquakes, floods, drought, and the like) and people suffer social disorder, illness, injury, and emotional stress.|
|3.||Contend that the disrupted harmony of the universe can be remedied by people's (a) performing rites and austerities that mollify the offended spirits and (b) displaying the moral values considered proper for adherents of the faith. Whereas some of these values are embraced in all four traditions, others are specific to a particular faith.|
|4.||Hold that the goal of moral development is that of promoting the harmony of the universe. The specific nature of this harmony and how disorder can be restored may differ somewhat from one of the belief systems to another.|
The principal differences among the four theories appear in the number and attributes of their invisible spirits, certain of the behaviors deemed suitable and unsuitable for an ideal moral person to display, the specific rituals performed to
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Publication information: Book title: Moral Development Theories-- Secular and Religious:A Comparative Study. Contributors: R. Murray Thomas - Author. Publisher: Greenwood Press. Place of publication: Westport, CT. Publication year: 1997. Page number: 261.
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