This book originated in a seminar taught by Allen S. Whiting and has benefited from his criticism. Tang Tsou allowed me to compare a draft with his unpublished manuscript on the same topic. Roy Grow, Jonathan Pollack, Richard Ford, and William Ascher commented on other drafts. Ralph Clough wrote a helpful critique. Michel Oksenberg commented on the penultimate draft, and, along with Edward Friedman and John Gittings, provided stimulation and encouragement in the middle stages of the work. Gerard O. Forcier of the State Department did yeoman work in declassification. The University of Michigan Center for Chinese Studies acted as a catalyst, and several units of the university library were helpful throughout. The staffs of the Firestone Library and the Mudd Library at Princeton, of Butler Library at Columbia, and of the Eisenhower Library in Abilene, Kansas, guided the author to highly useful research materials. My father, Wolfgang F. Stolper, and grandmother, Mrs. Antonie Stolper, provided financial support. Katherine Davis drew the map. All contributed to whatever strengths this book may have, and none is responsible for any errors or weaknesses which may remain.
Thomas E. Stolper