China, Taiwan, and the Offshore Islands: Together with An Implication for Outer Mongolia and Sino-Soviet Relations

By Thomas E. Stolper | Go to book overview

"Look for the invariants." 1 "One of the principal objects of theoretical research in any department of knowledge is to find the point of view from which the subject appears in its greatest simplicity." 2


I
THE ANALYTICAL
FRAMEWORK

In September 1954, January-March 1955, and August-October 1958, it seemed as if the United States of America and the People's Republic of China might go to war over a few small islands lying off the China coast. The purpose of this book is to explain how and why such an impression arose. The theme of the work is that Peking was striving to defend its sovereignty and territorial integrity, 3 and that this meant not the capture of a few small coastal islands, but rather the prevention of any change in the status of Taiwan that might put the island forever beyond Peking's reach except at the price of a world war. 4 The Taiwan affair of 1954-55 was not about the Tachens or Quemoy, but rather one episode in a long struggle by Peking to prevent the United States from detaching Taiwan from China, as Czarist Russia and the Soviet Union have detached Outer Mongolia. Chapter VIII shows that the 1958 Taiwan affair was both a sequel to the earlier affair and another episode in the same struggle; and a final chapter expands on the analogy with Outer Mongolia.

In constructing a framework for the analysis of the events involved, one can usefully combine elements from the work of several scholars in the fields of international politics, foreign policy analysis, and Chinese foreign policy.

-3-

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China, Taiwan, and the Offshore Islands: Together with An Implication for Outer Mongolia and Sino-Soviet Relations
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Acknowledgments ix
  • Abbreviations xiii
  • I- The Analytical Framework 3
  • II- The Context Of Events 15
  • III- Propaganda And Action 34
  • Notes 44
  • IV- The Mutual Defense Treaty 49
  • V- Climax of the 1954-55 Taiwan Affair 66
  • VI- Continuing Confrontation 81
  • VII- Movement Toward Negotiation 95
  • VIII- Sequels 114
  • IX- Chinese Irredentism Vis-àvis the United States and the Soviet Union 140
  • Appendix 149
  • Bibliography 155
  • Index 163
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