At the end of July 1954, the PRC was well on its way to securing all its borders against the threat of aggression. In only one area did the threat of attack seem to be growing: the area of Taiwan. By the agreement with India and the forthcoming agreement with the USSR, Peking was well on its way to obtaining the withdrawal of the last foreign military forces from its domain. In only one area was the withdrawal of such forces not in sight: the area of Taiwan. In Sinkiang, Tibet, and Manchuria, Peking was consolidating its sovereignty. In only one area of China was the threat to its sovereignty growing: the area of Taiwan. By its diplomacy, Peking was well on its way to accommodation with almost all its neighbors. Of only one neighbor-by-proxy was this not true: the United States of America. The outstanding issue in relations with the United States was the question of Taiwan. This problem had to be "regulated" before the PRC could concentrate fully on its domestic affairs.1
Peking turned its attention to that unfinished business as the Geneva Conference drew to a close. The United States looked vulnerable in the pursuit of its Asian policy, and Peking may have thought that the PRC had a good chance to achieve its aims with respect to Taiwan. Renmin Ribao said that the PRC, working together with other peoples and governments, had the strength to stop American "adventurist activities," prevent the United States from signing a mutual security treaty with Chiang Kai-shek, and stop U.S. plans to form military blocs, and that it was "imperative" to do so. 2 Washington was seen as having "fallen into a state of unprecedented international isolation." 3 This optimism may have been inspired by events at Geneva favorable to
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Publication information: Book title: China, Taiwan, and the Offshore Islands:Together with an Implication for Outer Mongolia and Sino-Soviet Relations. Contributors: Thomas E. Stolper - Author. Publisher: M. E. Sharpe, Inc.. Place of publication: Armonk, NY. Publication year: 1985. Page number: 34.
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