Revolution and Change in Central and Eastern Europe: Political, Economic, and Social Challenges

By Minton F. Goldman | Go to book overview

draw closer militarily and economically to the West and strengthen their security vis-à-vis postcommunist Russia. These countries are sometimes referred to as the Visegrád Group after the city where, in 1990, they held their first multilateral summit after the collapse of communist rule. Diplomats of the Balkan countries have also met periodically to discuss problems in areas of mutual concern and to strengthen ties with peripheral countries such as Ukraine, Georgia, Turkey, and Greece.69 While the Central and East European counties have not created any regional organizations to replace the Warsaw Pact and the CMEA, and while integration of the kind going on in Western Europe is still far away, they have collectively laid the basis for bilateral and multilateral cooperation among themselves and strengthened ties with neighbors outside the region.


Conclusion

In the postcommunist era, the countries of Eastern Europe are moving into uncharted waters. They are developing new political systems, economic structures, and social orders quite different from those they had in the era of communist rule. They seem to be developing versions of Western-style pluralistic parliamentary democracies, free-market capitalist-style economies, and open, unfettered social environments in which people are experiencing a new freedom in personal behavior they never had under communist rule.

But change has not been easy. Communism had distorted everything it touched. When Communist Party rule collapsed, the whole structure of society, institutions, processes, and values collapsed along with it. People lost one way of doing things, but they have had difficulty finding an alternative. Popular behavior and thought could not be transformed overnight. The societies of Central and Eastern Europe are in a sort of political and economic limbo. This condition is fertile ground for a hunt for scapegoats and a search for a common identifiable enemy, as well as for radicalism of both the neofascist and neocommunist sort. It is a time in which the new postcommunist states are vulnerable to hatred of the world, are seeking self-affirmation at any cost, and are displaying a personal selfishness and an excessive, primitive consumerism based on the principle that everything is now permitted. The success of political and economic democratization is by no means assured.

An important aspect of communism had been its monotonous conformity, a similarity of greyness that had spread throughout the wide region of its rule from Berlin to Vladivostok. Red stars had been everywhere; administrative institutions, at least in their physical appearance and to some extent in the way they functioned, had been similar all over Eastern Europe. Even allowing for rather sharp environmental and cultural distinctions in different national settings, social and economic life showed the same characteristics and the same problems and weaknesses wherever one went. Consequently, the different peoples of Central and Eastern Europe are paying more attention to their special characteristics and

-51-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Revolution and Change in Central and Eastern Europe: Political, Economic, and Social Challenges
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Foreword ix
  • Introduction xi
  • 1 - Roots and Causes of Communist Collapse 3
  • Conclusions 22
  • 2 - Problems of Postcommunist Development 23
  • Conclusions 51
  • 3 - Albania 53
  • Conclusions 82
  • 4 - Bulgaria 83
  • Conclusions 111
  • 5 - From Czechoslovakia to the Czech and Slovak Republics 113
  • Conclusions 152
  • 6 - East Germany 155
  • Conclusions 178
  • 7 - Hungary 181
  • Conclusions 216
  • 8 - Poland 219
  • Conclusions 263
  • 9 - Romania 265
  • Conclusions 298
  • 10 - Yugoslavia-----Collapse and Disintegration 299
  • Conclusions 331
  • 11 - Yugoslavia--The Bosnian Civil War 341
  • Conclusions 389
  • Conclusions 391
  • Notes 405
  • Bibliography 453
  • Index 471
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 498

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.