Biological and Neuropsychological Mechanisms: Life-Span Developmental Psychology

By Hayne W. Reese; Michael D. Franzen | Go to book overview

9 Adolescent Substance Abuse:
A Biopsychosocial Perspective

Robert J. McCaffrey
Catherine A. Forneris
University at Albany
State University of New York

Epidemiological data suggests a declining trend in psychoactive substance use beginning during the late 1970s and continuing through the early 1980s. In spite of this, psychoactive substance use among adolescents has continued to pose a significant social problem. In 1990, the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) reported that 19% of high school seniors surveyed responded that they smoked cigarettes daily, 4% drank alcohol daily, and 3% smoked marijuana daily ( Hoover, 1991). More than 50% of high school seniors admitted trying an illicit drug. At some time in their life, greater than 90% reported having had some experience with alcohol, 44% with marijuana, and 10% with cocaine. When asked about substance use within the past month, 60% of responding seniors admitted to using alcohol, and 33% reported having five or more consecutive drinks in the past 2 weeks.

Although illicit drug use appears to be on the decline, the prevalence of alcohol use appears to have remained relatively stable. Perhaps even more alarming is the trend toward earlier initiation of drug and alcohol use. The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) reported that the mean age of initial use to be 14 years ( Hoover, 1991). There is also a concomitant trend for adolescents to use more than one substance at a time, that is, polysubstance abuse (PSA). A survey of Maryland adolescent users revealed that the typical adolescent used 3.4 drugs simultaneously (Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene-Drug Abuse Administration, 1985).

A key factor in the deterioration of adolescent health is drug and alcohol use. Hoover ( 1991) reported that it is a major contributor to disability and death for individuals in the 15- to 25-year-old age group. Almost one half

-199-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Biological and Neuropsychological Mechanisms: Life-Span Developmental Psychology
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 262

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.