Psychosocial Perspectives on AIDS: Etiology, Prevention, and Treatment

By Lydia Temoshok; Andrew Baum | Go to book overview

CONCLUSIONS

Programs among gay and bisexual men for prevention of transmission of HIV may be vastly underfunded. Flynn et al. ( 1987) found great disparity between resources available for prevention of transmission and those for bloodtransfusion testing. While $206,000 was spent to prevent an estimated 15 transmissions by transfusion, only $87,920 was spent to prevent transmission among individuals at high risk for HIV infection, in whom approximately 534 transmissions occurred. However, it is also essential to recognize that research is an essential component of program development. Good programs cannot do without it.


ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

Preparation of this report was supported in part by Office of Technology Assessment Contract No. H3-6695, by NIMH Grant No. MH39553, and by NIMH/NIDA AIDS Center Grant No. MH 42459.


REFERENCES

Adrien A. ( 1987, January 24). "A campaign to promote safe sexual practices in the Montreal homosexual population -- Quebec". Canada Diseases Weekly Report, 13, 9-12.

Bandura A. ( 1977). Social learning theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Bell A. P., & Weinberg M. S. ( 1978). Homosexualities: A study of diversity among men and women. New York: Simon & Schuster.

British Market Research Bureau, Ltd. ( 1987). AIDS advertising campaign: Report on four surveys during the first year of advertising, 1986-1987. London: Author.

Centers for Disease Control. ( 1987). "Public Health Service guidelines for counseling and antibody testing to prevent HIV infection and AIDS". Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Reports, 36, 509-515.

Cleary P. D., Barry M. J., Mayer K. H., Brant A. M., Costin L., Fineberg H. V. ( 1987). "Compulsory premarital screening for the human immunodeficiency virus". Journal of the American Medical Association, 258, 1758-1762.

Coalition for AIDS Prevention and Education. ( 1987). AIDS counseling and HIV-antibody testing: A position paper. Washington, DC: Author.

Coates T. J., McKusick L., Kuno R., & Stites D. P. (in press). "Stress management training reduces number of sexual partners but does not enhance immune function in men infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)". American Journal of Public Health.

Coates T. J., Morin S. F., & McKusick L. ( 1987). "Behavioral consequences of AIDS antibody testing among gay men". Journal of the American Medical Association, 258, 1889.

Communication Technologies. ( 1986). Designing an effective AIDS prevention campaign strategy for Los Angeles County. San Francisco: Author.

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