The Hutchinson Encyclopedia of the Renaissance

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Faber, Heinrich (BEFORE 1500-1552)

German theorist and composer. He was the author of a music textbook for beginners, Compendiolum Musicae pro Incipientibus, which was first published at Brunswick in 1548 and ran into numerous editions. There is some church music to Latin and German texts.

Faber, Johann (1478-1541)

German Catholic theologian and diplomat. A close friend to Erasmus, Faber at first sympathized with those wishing to reform the Catholic Church, but later became a staunch supporter of the established church order. His treatise Malleus in Haeresiam Lutheranam/Hammer of Lutheran Heresy ( 1524) earned him the nickname of 'hammer of the heretics'.

He was born at Leutkirch near Memmingen and studied at Tübingen and Fribourg. In 1518 he joined the diocesan bureaucracy of the bishop of Constance. His knowledge of philosophy and science was valuable to his side in the debate. Among his diplomatic missions was the occasion when the future Emperor Ferdinand I sent him to England to enlist the support of Henry VIII against the Turks. From 1530 Faber was bishop of Vienna.

Fabricius, David (1564-1617)

Dutch clergyman, who discovered the first variable star, Omicron Ceti or Mira, in 1596.

Fabricius, Geronimo (LATINIZED NAME OF GIROLAMO FABRIZIO) (1537-1619)

Italian anatomist and embryologist. He made a detailed study of the veins and discovered the valves that direct the blood flow towards the heart. He also studied the development of chick embryos.

Fabricius also investigated the mechanics of respiration, the action of muscles, the anatomy of the larynx (about which he was the first to give a full description) and the eye (he was the first to correctly describe the location of the lens and the first to demonstrate that the pupil changes size).

Fabricius was born in Aquapendente, near Orvieto, and studied at Padua, where he was taught by anatomist Gabriel úñFallopius. In 1565 he succeeded Fallopius as professor and remained at Padua for the rest of his career. Fabricius built up an international reputation that attracted students from many countries, including William úñHarvey.

Fabricius publicly demonstrated the valves in the veins of the limbs in 1579, and in 1603 published the first accurate description, with detailed illustrations, of these valves in De Venarum Ostiolis/On the Valves of the Veins. He mistakenly believed, however, that the valves' function was to retard the flow of blood to enable the tissues to absorb nutriment.

In his treatise De Formato Foetu/On the Formation of the Fetus ( 1600) -- the first work of its kind -- he compared the late fetal stages of different animals and gave the first detailed description of the placenta. In De Formatione Ovi et Pulli/On the Development of the Egg and the Chick ( 1612) he made some erroneous assumptions; for example, that the sperm did not enter the ovum, but stimulated the generative process from a distance.


Latin collections of humorous (often bawdy) stories. Perhaps the most popular was that made by úñ Poggio Bracciolini, made late in his life, and which circulated in manuscript and, from 1470, in print. Some of his tales entered into vernacular collections, like the 16th-century English jestbooks.

A friar was preaching at Tivoli with too little consideration of his audience: he condemned and with many words deplored adultery, saying that it was so grave a sin that he would prefer to have ten virgins than a single married woman. With this many in his audience heartily concurred.



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