The Hutchinson Encyclopedia of the Renaissance

By David Rundle | Go to book overview

L

Labé, Louise (PEN NAME OF LOUISE CHARLY) (c. 1524-c. 1566)

French poet. She was a member of the poets, led by Maurice Scève, who flourished in her native Lyons in the 16th century. Her poetic works, published in 1555, consist of three elegies and 24 love sonnets, inspired by Petrarch, that combine realism and intense feeling.

Born in Lyons, she became the wife of a wealthy rope maker (cordier), acquiring the nickname 'La Belle Cordière'. She was an accomplished horse- woman and fencer, and as a young woman she is thought to have fought in the army, disguised as a man, and taking the name Captain Loys.

Among her works is the prose discourse on love, Débat de Folie et d'Amour/Dispute on Folly and Love.


La Boétie, Etienne de (1530-1563)

French writer. He was born at Sarlat, Dordogne, and was well known through his friendship with Montaigne. His Discours de la servitude volontaire, or Contr'un (about 1549), denouncing tyrants and passionately advocating liberty, was used polemically by Huguenots after its publication in 1574.


Ladislas (1380-1414)

King of Naples from 1386. The heir of the Anjou dynasty, he became king when he was six, but his reign was harried by the French claimants to his throne. Despite this, Ladislas led an aggressive policy, twice taking Rome and threatening the northern cities. As with Giangaleazzo Visconti, the menace was ended not by military defeat but by fatal illness.


Lafreri, Antonio (ANTOINE LAFRÉRY) (c. 1512-1577)

French-born Italian engraver and publisher. Lafreri is best known for devising 'Lafreri atlases' -- atlases in which sheet maps by various cartographers are bound into a single (unique) volume according to each customer's requirements.

Born in Orgelet in France, Lafreri settled in Rome as an engraver in 1544, but by 1553 had moved into publishing. A particularly sumptuous production was his Speculum Romanae Magnificentiae/The Mirror of Roman Magnificence ( 1575), but he was also known for his output of prints by Marcantonio Raimondi. Lafreri's own imprint occurs on a number of atlases issued between 1556 and 1572, the later ones under the title of Tavole moderne di geografia.


La Grotte, Nicolas de (c. 1530-c. 1600)

French composer and keyboard player. He published settings of poems by Ronsard in 1569 and examples of musique mesurée à l'antique. In 1583 he published with Claude Le Jeune pieces for the Ballet comique de la Royne.


La Hèle (HELLE), Georges de (1547-1586)

Flemish composer. He wrote Masses, motets, and chansons; some of his works were destroyed in a fire at Madrid in 1734.

He was a chorister at the royal chapel in Madrid in his youth. In 1578 he was choirmaster at Tournai Cathedral, but was probably back in Spain by 1580. He won two prizes at the Puy de Musique at Evreux in 1576.


Laib, Konrad (LIVED MID-15TH CENTURY)

Austrian painter. He was active in Salzburg. His work shows both Italian and German traits; an example is his crowded and ornamental Crucifixion (Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna).


Lambe, Walter (c. 1452-c. 1500)

English composer. His known music was all included in the Eton Choirbook: it consists of a Magnificat and five votive antiphons (a sixth can be completed from another manuscript; another is partially lost, and four more completely so).

He was King's Scholar at Eton in 1467 (aged 15), and clerk at St George's, Windsor, from 1479 to 1499, acting as master of the choristers ( 1480-84) (at first jointly with William Edmunds).

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