Please update your browser

You're using a version of Internet Explorer that isn't supported by Questia.
To get a better experience, go to one of these sites and get the latest
version of your preferred browser:

Subordination or Liberation? The Development and Conflicting Theories of Black Education in Nineteenth Century Alabama

By Robert G. Sherer | Go to book overview

PART III A Comprehensive Program of Black Education

10
THE AMERICAN MISSIONARY
ASSOCIATION'S BLACK
SCHOOLS IN ALABAMA

Black secondary and normal schools in Alabama, whether public or private, showed a great variety in their origins, location, leadership, and development. Despite this diversity, none of Alabama's black secondary schools or colleges followed Booker T. Washington's lead in sacrificing academic and theological education for industrial-vocational training as the means of escaping from the web of subordination. The American Missionary Association (AMA) went one step further in undermining Washington's educational theory and racial strategy by providing both industrial and rigorous normal, theological, college preparatory, and liberal, college education in its schools in Alabama.

TheAMA, the most influential Northern missionary organization in Alabama, began its work among freedmen in the South when Rev. Lewis C. Lockwood arrived at Fort Monroe, Virginia on September 3, 1861. Lockwood came to the South because of his "missionary impulse to save the soul of the black people. . . . That a school was begun was largely accidental." The local blacks, led by Mrs. Mary Peake, a free black, began a school on September 17, 1861. The AMA, seeing the blacks' desire and need for education, decided to support this school and began establishing other black schools throughout the South soon after the Union armies captured various sections. Indeed, "for a long time even the evangelical mission of the Association was lost in the universal zeal favoring the elevation of the freedmen through education." 1

During the Civil War, the AMA received support from the Wesleyan Methodists and the Free Will Baptists. Immediately after the war, at least twelve other denominations expressed support for the AMA. The National Council of Congregational Churches provided the main support when it adopted a resolution in 1865 pledging $250,000 to the AMA. Since the Congregational

-114-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Subordination or Liberation? The Development and Conflicting Theories of Black Education in Nineteenth Century Alabama
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 214

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.