For a discussion of the lack of scholarly historical studies of black colleges and
universities and a list of the names of the schools that have been studied, see Frederick Chambers
, "Histories of Black Colleges and Universities", LVII, The Journal of Negro
History ( July, 1972), 270-75.
Some of the best-known state studies would include Horace Mann Bond, Negro
Education in. Alabama: A Study in Cotton and Steel ( Washington: Associated Publishers, 1939); Vernon Lane Wharton, The Negro in Mississippi, 1865-1890 ( Chapel Hill, The
University of North Carolina Press, 1947); and George Brown Tindall, Soutb Carolina
Negroes, 1877-1900 ( Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1966 [by arrangement with the University of South Carolina Press, 1952]).
Several recently published books do deal with developments within Alabama's
black community. William Warren Rogers and
Robert David Ward, August Reckoning:
Jack Turner and Racism in Post-Civil War Alabama ( Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1973). Peter Kolchin, First Freedom: The Responses of Alabama's Blacks to
Emancipation and Reconstruction ( Westport: Greenwood Press, 1972). Louis R. Harlan, Booker T. Washington: The Making of a Black Leader, 1856-1901 ( New York: Oxford
University Press, 1972). Louis R. Harlan, ed., The Booker T. Washington Papers, Volumes I, II, and III ( Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1972, 1974).
Most of the "industrial" education offered in black schools in nineteenth century Alabama would be considered "vocational" training today. There was little or no
"industrial" training in the sense of preparing students to work or to assume leadership
roles in modern industries. This study uses the term, "industrial education," however,
both for consistency and because most of the educational leaders in Alabama's black
schools in the nineteenth century used the term, "industrial education," to refer to any
nonacademic job-training offered in their schools.
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Subordination or Liberation?The Development and Conflicting Theories of Black Education in Nineteenth Century Alabama.
Contributors: Robert G. Sherer - Author.
Publisher: University of Alabama Press.
Place of publication: University, AL.
Publication year: 1977.
Page number: 149.
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