Composers of Today: A Comprehensive Biographical and Critical Guide to Modern Composers of All Nations

By David Ewen | Go to book overview
musical world until 1928 when he plunged out of comparative obscurity by winning the world-wide $10,000 contest, sponsored by the Columbia Phonograph Company, for a musical composition which would do honor to Franz Schubert on the occasion of the centennial of the great composer's death. Atterberg's symphony won the award because --as the spokesman of the jury, Max von Schillings, explained-- "of the quality of its melodic line, healthy themes and good construction." However, when the symphony was given performance thruout the world, it was received harshly by leading critics everywhere--denounced because of its almost schoolboyish over-romanticism, its stiltedness and its complete lack of any originality or personality. The criticisms became more and more devastating until, finally--with very questionable taste and discretion--Atterberg published an article entitled "How I Fooled the Music World," in which he maintained that his symphony was nothing but a hoax, that he had never seriously considered it good music, that he had composed it merely to fool the entire music world. This explanation, far from relieving his position, merely put him into further disrepute in the eyes of the music-world who not only doubted the truth of Atterberg's explanation but who viciously denounced the composer for his lack of artistic integrity.This incident has done much to discredit Atterberg as a composer of importance. However, Atterberg's music--especially in his first four symphonies--contains a remarkable power and vitality and, when the smoke of suspicion and anger finally clears, he should once again be deservedly acclaimed as Sweden's outstanding composer.Principal works by Kurt Atterberg:
ORCHESTRA : Rhapsody for Piano and Orchestra; Concert Overture; Symphony No. 1 and 2; Ocean Symphony; Symphony No. 4; Funèbre Symphony; Symphony No. 6 (Columbia Phonograph Award); Concerto for Violin and Orchestra; Concerto for 'Cello and Orchestra.
CHAMBER MUSIC : Two string quartets.
OPERA : Harvard Harpolekare; The Foolish Virgins (ballet); Fanal.
CHORAL : It is Sabbath in the Country; Cantata.

About Kurt Atterberg:

Allgemeine Musikzeitung 55:1146October 26, 1928; Phonograph Monthly Review 2:441 September 1928.

Important recordings of music by Kurt Atterberg:

COLUMBIA : Symphony No. 6 in C-Major (Sir Thomas Beecham).


Louis Aubert 1877-

LOUIS FRANÇOIS MARIE AUBERT was born at Paramé, Ille-et- Vilaine, on February 19, 1877. His father, a musician of refinement and scholarship, was his first teacher, and under this sympathetic tutelage, the boy made amazing progress. By his tenth year, he was prepared to enter the Paris Conservatory, and his early training under his father served him in good stead, for it was not long before young Louis distinguished himself by winning leading prizes in elementary theory, piano, harmony, sight-reading and transposition. As a boy, he possessed a voice of striking beauty and purity, singing at the services of the Madeleine and Trinité; and so it was first thought that he would carve a name for himself as a singer. With maturity, however, the voice cracked, and young Louis turned to musical composition as his leading medium of musical expression.

His earliest works--a few songs and smaller piano pieces, composed when he was in his seventeenth year--revealed the unmistakable influence of composers whom he worshipped at the time: Fauré, Franck, Chausson and Schumann. These early works were so stilted and derivative that his teachers strenuously advised him to adopt the playing of the piano as his life-work in lieu of composition. For several years, Aubert concertized with reassuring success. The lure of composition, however, soon proved too great--and so, at the turn of the Twentieth Century, he forsook every musical activity except that of artistic creation.

Aubert: ô-běr′

-7-

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Composers of Today: A Comprehensive Biographical and Critical Guide to Modern Composers of All Nations
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Books of the Same Author ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Introduction vii
  • Key to Pronunciations xiv
  • Joseph Achron 1886- 1
  • George Antheil 1900- 3
  • Kurt Atterberg 1887- 4
  • Louis Aubert 1877- 6
  • Georges Auric 1899- 7
  • Granville Bantock 1868- 8
  • Béla Bartók 1881- 10
  • Arnold Bax 1883- 15
  • Robert Russell Bennett 1894- 16
  • Lord Berners 1883. 20
  • Julius Bittner 1874- 22
  • Arthur Bliss 1891- 23
  • Marc Blitzstein 1905- 24
  • Ernest Bloch 1880- 25
  • Rutland Boughton 1878- 26
  • Walter Braunfels 1882- 29
  • Frank Bridge 1879- 31
  • Alfred Bruneau 1857-1934 32
  • Charles Wakefield Cadman 1881- 35
  • Alfredo Casella 1883- 36
  • Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco 1895- 38
  • Juan José Castro 1895- 40
  • Gustave Charpentier 1860. 41
  • Frederick Shepherd Converse 1871- 46
  • Henry Cowell 1897- 49
  • Sir Frederic H. Cowen 1852- 51
  • Sir Walford Davies 1869- 53
  • Claude Debussy 1862-1918 55
  • Frederick Delius 1863-1934 56
  • Ernst Von Dohnányi 1877. 60
  • Arcady Dubensky 1890- 62
  • Paul Dukas 1865- 64
  • Paul Dupin 1865- 67
  • Georges Enesco 1881- 68
  • Manuel De Falla .1876- 70
  • Gabriel Fauré 1845-1924 72
  • Henri Gagnebin 1886- 79
  • Philippe Gaubert 1879- 80
  • George Gershwin 1898- 80
  • Umberto Giordano 1867- 82
  • Alexander Glazunov 1865- 84
  • Reinhold Glière 1874- 86
  • Michael Gniessin 1883- 90
  • Paul Graener 1872- 91
  • Percy Grainger 1882- 93
  • Alexander Gretchaninoff 1864- 94
  • Louis Gruenberg 1883- 96
  • Alois Hába 1893- 98
  • Henry Hadley 1871- 99
  • Reynaldo Hahn 1874- 101
  • Howard Hanson 1896- 103
  • Sandor Harmati 1892- 104
  • Roy Harris 1898- 106
  • Edward Burlingame Hill 1872- 110
  • Paul Hindemith 1895- 112
  • Gustav Holst 1874-1934 115
  • Arthur Honegger 1892- 117
  • Herbert Howells 1892- 119
  • Jacques Ibert 1890- 120
  • Vincent D'Indy 1851-1931 122
  • Michael Ippolitov-Ivanov 1859- 123
  • John Ireland 1879- 125
  • Frederick Jacobi 1891- 128
  • Leoš Janáček 1854-1928 130
  • Werner Janssen 1900- 131
  • Joseph Jongen 1873. 133
  • Werner Josten 1888- 134
  • Paul Juon 1872- 135
  • Heinrich Kaminski 1886- 136
  • Wilhelm Kienzl 1857- 139
  • Lyof Knipper 1898- 140
  • Zoltan Kodály 1882- 141
  • Erich Wolfgang Korngold 1897- 142
  • A. Walter Kramer 1890- 147
  • Alexander Kreyn 1883- 148
  • Ladislas Lajtha 1892- 151
  • Constant Lambert 1905- 151
  • Charles Martin Loeffler 1861- 152
  • Nikolai Lopatnikoff 1903- 153
  • Igor Markevitch 1912- 157
  • Frank Martin 1890- 159
  • Bohuslav Martinu 1890- 161
  • Joseph Marx 1882- 162
  • Pietro Mascagni 1863- 164
  • Daniel Gregory Mason 1873- 165
  • Nikolai Medtner 1880- 167
  • Nikolai Miaskovsky 1881- 168
  • Georges Migot 1891- 170
  • Darius Milhaud 1892- 171
  • Italo Montemezzi 1875- 175
  • Harold Morris 1890- 176
  • Alexander Mossolov 1900- 177
  • Leo Ornstein 1895- 179
  • Ignace Jan Paderewski 1860- 181
  • Hans Pfitzner 1869- 185
  • Willem Pijper 1894- 189
  • Paul Pisk 1893- 191
  • Walter Piston 1894- 192
  • Ildebrando Pizzetti 1880- 193
  • Francis Poulenc 1899- 194
  • John Powell 1882- 196
  • Serge Prokofieff 1891- 198
  • Henri Rabaud 1873- 199
  • Serge Rachmaninoff 1873- 201
  • Maurice Ravel 1875- 205
  • Rhené-Baton 1879- 210
  • Wallingford Riegger 1885. 212
  • Vittorio Rieti 1898- 213
  • Roger-Ducasse 1875- 215
  • Dane Rudhyar 1895- 218
  • Carl Ruggles 1876- 220
  • Victor De Sabata 1892- 221
  • Lazare Saminsky 1882- 224
  • Ernest Schelling 1876- 226
  • Joseph Schillinger 1895- 228
  • Max Von Schillings 1868-1933 230
  • Florent Schmitt 1870. 232
  • Arnold Schönberg 1874- 234
  • Cyril Scott 1879- 238
  • Alexander Scriabin 1871-1915 240
  • Bernhard Sekles 1872- 242
  • Roger Sessions 1896- 245
  • Dmitri Shostakowitch 1906- 246
  • Christian Sinding 249
  • Leone Sinigaglia 1868- 252
  • David Stanley Smith 1877­ 253
  • Leo Sowerby 1895- 255
  • William Grant Still 1895- 256
  • Albert Stoessel 1894- 258
  • Richard Strauss 1864- 259
  • Igor Stravinsky 1882- 260
  • Edwin J. Stringham 1890- 268
  • Alexander Tansman 1897- 270
  • Deems Taylor 1885- 271
  • Alexander Tcherepnine 1899- 273
  • Nikolai Tcherepnine 1873- 275
  • Virgil Thomson 1896- 276
  • Ernest Toch 1887- 278
  • Vincenzo Tommasini 1880- 279
  • Joaquin Turina 1882. 281
  • Edgar Varèse 1885- 283
  • Ralph Vaughan-Williams 1872- 284
  • Hector Villa-Lobos 1886- 286
  • H. Waldo-Warner 1874- 288
  • William Walton 1902- 290
  • Anton Webern 1883- 291
  • Kurt Weill 1900- 292
  • Jaromir Weinberger 1896- 295
  • Leo Weiner 1885- 296
  • Adolph Weiss 1891- 298
  • Egon Wellesz 1885- 300
  • Alexander Weprik .1899- 301
  • Riccardo Zandonai 1883- 305
  • Bibliography of Modern Music 309
  • Index 313
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