African Americans and the New Policy Consensus: Retreat of the Liberal State?

By Marilyn E. Lashley; Melanie Njeri Jackson | Go to book overview
Save to active project
collar, and professional workers, they are not distinguished from other special interest groups in this chapter. It is also acknowledged that unions, when ethnically constituted, also have abetted machine politics. Further, it is important to note that the negative connotations associated with special interest politics is a relatively recent phenomenon.
14.
It is important to note that the city's shrinking tax base, deindustrialization, shifting demographics, and job loss also contributed to the erosion of legislators' abilities to earmark resources for their demographic constituencies.
15.
For a comprehensive analysis of African Americans and patronage, see William Grimshaw , 1992.
16.
See John J. Harrigan, 1985, pp. 5, 376-377; James L. Sundquist, Making Federalism Work: A Study of Program Coordination at the Community Level ( Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution, 1969), pp. 3-5; and John A. Weicher, Urban Renewal: National Program for Local Problems ( Washington, D.C.: AEI, 1972), p. 6.
17.
I do not mean to minimize the significant role that white voters also played in dismantling patronage here. See Shakman v. Democratic Organization of Cook County et al. The Shakman decree of 1972 prohibits the firing of local government employees on political grounds.
18.
See Rufus Browning, Dale Marshall, and David Tabb, Racial Politics in American Cities ( New York: Longman, 1990); William Grimshaw, 1992; and Adolph Reed Jr. , Jesse Jackson Phenomenon ( New Haven: Yale University Press, 1986).

REFERENCES

Banfield Edward C., and James Q. Wilson. 1963. City Politics. New York: Vintage Books.

Bentley Arthur Fisher. 1908. The Process of Government: A Study of Social Pressures. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Cain Bruce. 1992. "Voting Rights and Democratic Theory: Toward a Color-Blind Society." In Controversies in Minority Voting, edited by Bernard Grofman and Chandler Davidson. Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution.

Dye Thomas. 1987. Understanding Public Policy. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall.

Elkins Stephen L. 1987. City and Regime in the American Public. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Erie Steven. 1988. Rainbow's End: Irish-Americans and the Dilemmas of Urban Machine Politics, 1840-1985. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Greider William. 1992. Who Will Tell the People: Betrayal of American Democracy. New York: Simon and Schuster.

Grimshaw William. 1992. Bitter Fruit: Black Politics and the Chicago Machine. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Grofman Bernard, and Chandler Davidson. 1992. Controversies in Minority Voting. Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution.

Grofman Bernard, Arend Lijhart, Robert McKay, and Howard Scarrow. 1982. Representation and Redistricting Issues. Lexington, Mass.: Lexington Books.

Guterbock Thomas M. 1980. Machine Politics in Transition. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Harrigan John J. 1985. Political Change in the Metropolis. Boston: Little, Brown & Company.

-74-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
African Americans and the New Policy Consensus: Retreat of the Liberal State?
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 252

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?