Composers of Today: A Comprehensive Biographical and Critical Guide to Modern Composers of All Nations

By David Ewen | Go to book overview
odies. While this new form is, in these Jewish operas, definitely in an experimental stage, it holds much promise; for it has filled Gniessin's operas with a new naturalism which make these works more vibrant and full of meaning to us.Principal works by Michael Gniessin:
OPERA: Youth of Abraham; The Maccabeans.
ORCHESTRA: After Sheiley; Vroubel (for voice and orchestra); The Conqueror Worm (for tenor and orchestra); Symphonic Movement; Danses Funèbres; music to The Rose and the Cross; Triumph of Revolution (symphony).
CHAMBER MUSIC: 'Cello Sonata; Piano Quintet.

About Michael Gniessin:

Drosdow. Gniessin; Ewen David. Hebrew Music; Montagu-Nathan Montagu. Contemporary Russian Composers; Sabaneyev Leonid . Modern Russian Composers.


Eugene Goossens 1893-

EUGENE GOOSSENS was born in London on May 26, 1893, into a family of outstanding musicians. Both his grandfather and father had been recognized as operatic conductors of merit; his brother, Leon, is one of the great oboeists of our time; two of his sisters are extraordinary harpists. Music, therefore, was destined as Eugene's life career even before he began to show any particular aptitude for the art. At the age of twenty, he entered the Bruges Conservatory of Music, and, three years later, continued his studies at the Liverpool College of Music where his talent for music first revealed itself unmistakably. A scholarship soon brought him to the Royal College of Music where, under Stanford in composition and Rivarde in viola, he ripened into full maturity. Upon graduating from the Royal College of Music, he served a valuable apprenticeship in the Queen's Hall Orchestra under Sir Thomas Beecham (subsequently becoming Beecham's assistant), and as a member of the Philharmonic String Quartet.

It was not long before he graduated into the class of conductors. In 1916, he was given an opportunity to conduct Stanford opera, The Critic, which he did with such authority and musicianship that he was urged, by leading musicians, to adopt conducting as a career. It was not until 1921, however, that he became a full-fledged orchestral conductor. In that year, he founded his own orchestra and gave six concerts of such interest, performed with such remarkable musical insight and interpretative talent, that he immediately impressed the English music world as a conductor of first importance. After that inaugural season, invitations from the leading orchestras of the world to direct their organizations became more and more numerous. Goossens has conducted almost every significant symphonic body in Europe, and always with remarkable success, establishing himself as one of the major orchestral leaders of present-day England. Since 1931, he has been the principal conductor of the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra, in America.

During the early days of the War, his earliest compositions--two trios-- were performed at the War Emergency Concerts, and attracted considerable attention because of the originality of their idiom. The trios were followed by several string quartets which inspired even greater bewilderment among the bulk of music lovers. Goossen's unorthodox style--his confusing rhythms, his sharp- pointed dissonances and his strange melodic lines--puzzled the audiences; but there were a few who could recognize the talent that flashed thru these early works. For Goossens' first compositions had a craftsmanship, a sureness of touch, and a vitality of idiom which were impressive, once the ear became accustomed to the novel vocabulary he employed. "From the outset of his career," as R. H. Hull elucidates, "Goossens has been endowed with impressive skill to a degree attained, more frequently, only after prolonged and careful study. In the earliest published works, we may look in vain for signs of tentative craftsmanship common to the efforts of an apprentice. His facility caused amazement when Goossens was first heard. It seemed uncanny that so young an artist should manifest such complete dexterity. . . . From the beginning, Goossens has never lacked

____________________
Goosens : go+o+̄sềns

-91-

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Composers of Today: A Comprehensive Biographical and Critical Guide to Modern Composers of All Nations
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Books of the Same Author ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Introduction vii
  • Key to Pronunciations xiv
  • Joseph Achron 1886- 1
  • George Antheil 1900- 3
  • Kurt Atterberg 1887- 4
  • Louis Aubert 1877- 6
  • Georges Auric 1899- 7
  • Granville Bantock 1868- 8
  • Béla Bartók 1881- 10
  • Arnold Bax 1883- 15
  • Robert Russell Bennett 1894- 16
  • Lord Berners 1883. 20
  • Julius Bittner 1874- 22
  • Arthur Bliss 1891- 23
  • Marc Blitzstein 1905- 24
  • Ernest Bloch 1880- 25
  • Rutland Boughton 1878- 26
  • Walter Braunfels 1882- 29
  • Frank Bridge 1879- 31
  • Alfred Bruneau 1857-1934 32
  • Charles Wakefield Cadman 1881- 35
  • Alfredo Casella 1883- 36
  • Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco 1895- 38
  • Juan José Castro 1895- 40
  • Gustave Charpentier 1860. 41
  • Frederick Shepherd Converse 1871- 46
  • Henry Cowell 1897- 49
  • Sir Frederic H. Cowen 1852- 51
  • Sir Walford Davies 1869- 53
  • Claude Debussy 1862-1918 55
  • Frederick Delius 1863-1934 56
  • Ernst Von Dohnányi 1877. 60
  • Arcady Dubensky 1890- 62
  • Paul Dukas 1865- 64
  • Paul Dupin 1865- 67
  • Georges Enesco 1881- 68
  • Manuel De Falla .1876- 70
  • Gabriel Fauré 1845-1924 72
  • Henri Gagnebin 1886- 79
  • Philippe Gaubert 1879- 80
  • George Gershwin 1898- 80
  • Umberto Giordano 1867- 82
  • Alexander Glazunov 1865- 84
  • Reinhold Glière 1874- 86
  • Michael Gniessin 1883- 90
  • Paul Graener 1872- 91
  • Percy Grainger 1882- 93
  • Alexander Gretchaninoff 1864- 94
  • Louis Gruenberg 1883- 96
  • Alois Hába 1893- 98
  • Henry Hadley 1871- 99
  • Reynaldo Hahn 1874- 101
  • Howard Hanson 1896- 103
  • Sandor Harmati 1892- 104
  • Roy Harris 1898- 106
  • Edward Burlingame Hill 1872- 110
  • Paul Hindemith 1895- 112
  • Gustav Holst 1874-1934 115
  • Arthur Honegger 1892- 117
  • Herbert Howells 1892- 119
  • Jacques Ibert 1890- 120
  • Vincent D'Indy 1851-1931 122
  • Michael Ippolitov-Ivanov 1859- 123
  • John Ireland 1879- 125
  • Frederick Jacobi 1891- 128
  • Leoš Janáček 1854-1928 130
  • Werner Janssen 1900- 131
  • Joseph Jongen 1873. 133
  • Werner Josten 1888- 134
  • Paul Juon 1872- 135
  • Heinrich Kaminski 1886- 136
  • Wilhelm Kienzl 1857- 139
  • Lyof Knipper 1898- 140
  • Zoltan Kodály 1882- 141
  • Erich Wolfgang Korngold 1897- 142
  • A. Walter Kramer 1890- 147
  • Alexander Kreyn 1883- 148
  • Ladislas Lajtha 1892- 151
  • Constant Lambert 1905- 151
  • Charles Martin Loeffler 1861- 152
  • Nikolai Lopatnikoff 1903- 153
  • Igor Markevitch 1912- 157
  • Frank Martin 1890- 159
  • Bohuslav Martinu 1890- 161
  • Joseph Marx 1882- 162
  • Pietro Mascagni 1863- 164
  • Daniel Gregory Mason 1873- 165
  • Nikolai Medtner 1880- 167
  • Nikolai Miaskovsky 1881- 168
  • Georges Migot 1891- 170
  • Darius Milhaud 1892- 171
  • Italo Montemezzi 1875- 175
  • Harold Morris 1890- 176
  • Alexander Mossolov 1900- 177
  • Leo Ornstein 1895- 179
  • Ignace Jan Paderewski 1860- 181
  • Hans Pfitzner 1869- 185
  • Willem Pijper 1894- 189
  • Paul Pisk 1893- 191
  • Walter Piston 1894- 192
  • Ildebrando Pizzetti 1880- 193
  • Francis Poulenc 1899- 194
  • John Powell 1882- 196
  • Serge Prokofieff 1891- 198
  • Henri Rabaud 1873- 199
  • Serge Rachmaninoff 1873- 201
  • Maurice Ravel 1875- 205
  • Rhené-Baton 1879- 210
  • Wallingford Riegger 1885. 212
  • Vittorio Rieti 1898- 213
  • Roger-Ducasse 1875- 215
  • Dane Rudhyar 1895- 218
  • Carl Ruggles 1876- 220
  • Victor De Sabata 1892- 221
  • Lazare Saminsky 1882- 224
  • Ernest Schelling 1876- 226
  • Joseph Schillinger 1895- 228
  • Max Von Schillings 1868-1933 230
  • Florent Schmitt 1870. 232
  • Arnold Schönberg 1874- 234
  • Cyril Scott 1879- 238
  • Alexander Scriabin 1871-1915 240
  • Bernhard Sekles 1872- 242
  • Roger Sessions 1896- 245
  • Dmitri Shostakowitch 1906- 246
  • Christian Sinding 249
  • Leone Sinigaglia 1868- 252
  • David Stanley Smith 1877­ 253
  • Leo Sowerby 1895- 255
  • William Grant Still 1895- 256
  • Albert Stoessel 1894- 258
  • Richard Strauss 1864- 259
  • Igor Stravinsky 1882- 260
  • Edwin J. Stringham 1890- 268
  • Alexander Tansman 1897- 270
  • Deems Taylor 1885- 271
  • Alexander Tcherepnine 1899- 273
  • Nikolai Tcherepnine 1873- 275
  • Virgil Thomson 1896- 276
  • Ernest Toch 1887- 278
  • Vincenzo Tommasini 1880- 279
  • Joaquin Turina 1882. 281
  • Edgar Varèse 1885- 283
  • Ralph Vaughan-Williams 1872- 284
  • Hector Villa-Lobos 1886- 286
  • H. Waldo-Warner 1874- 288
  • William Walton 1902- 290
  • Anton Webern 1883- 291
  • Kurt Weill 1900- 292
  • Jaromir Weinberger 1896- 295
  • Leo Weiner 1885- 296
  • Adolph Weiss 1891- 298
  • Egon Wellesz 1885- 300
  • Alexander Weprik .1899- 301
  • Riccardo Zandonai 1883- 305
  • Bibliography of Modern Music 309
  • Index 313
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