|OPERA : Neues vom Tage; Hin und Zurück; Cardillac; Mathis der Maler.|
|ORCHESTRA : Kammermusik for Twelve Instruments; Kleine Kammermusik for Wind Quintet; Kammermusik no. 2; Kammermusik no. 3; Kammermusik no. 4; Concerto for Orchestra; Mathis der Maler.|
|CHAMBER MUSIC : String Quartet no 1; Quartet no. 2; Quartet no. 3; Quartet no. 4; Trio; Clarinet Quintet.|
|CHORAL : Die Junge Magd; Marienleben; Die Serenaden.|
|Songs; pieces for piano; pieces for violin, violoncello, etc.|
About Paul Hindemith:
Fraser, A. A. Essays on Music; Pannain, Guido. Modern Composers; Strobel, Heinrich. Hindemith.
Important recordings of music by Paul Hindemith:
POLYDOR: Quartet (Opus 22); Trio.
TELEFUNKEN : Mathis der Maler.
JOSEF HOLBROOKE was born in Croydon, near London, on July 6, 1878. His family had been musical for
generations back: his father was a fine pianist and a tolerably good composer, and his mother was a professional vocalist. Josef's early years were spent in travel, as his father was an itinerant musician who travelled with a group of entertainers. The strain of incessant movement soon began to tell upon the sensitive constitution of the mother who, in 1880, succumbed to phthisis from which she had long been suffering.
Shortly after the death of his wife, Mr. Holbroke obtained a position as pianist at the Bedford Music Hall, and the family could settle down for the first time. Young Josef became a chorister at St. Anne's Church while attending St. Anne's School. His musical education came principally from his father who taught him violin and piano. Whatever else he knew about music he learned by visiting his father's music hall and listening, with alert ears, to the effects produced by the various instruments of the small orchestra.
He soon became so proficient in music that his father entered him in the Royal Academy of Music in 1893. While here, he composed with unprecedented fertility, and a great number of his works were performed at the nightly concerts of the Academy. One evening, Holbrooke was scheduled to play Schumann's Toccata at one of the concerts of the Academy. Much to the bewilderment of the audience Holbrooke nonchalantly substituted one of his own compositions. He was called before the dean and bitterly told that this impudence was unforgivable; and at the same stroke his music was viciously flogged for being "morbid," cluttered with "horrible harmonies" and an "altogether objectionable style."
After this incident, life at the Academy became less tolerable. He felt frankly that his originality was being hampered by conservative instruction, and in being hampered he felt intensely unhappy. He decided, finally, to take the fatal step. In 1896, he bade farewell permanently to the Conservatory-- but not without taking away with him honors for playing the piano and in all- round musicianship.
There was the necessity of earning a living. He answered an "ad" calling for____________________
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Publication information: Book title: Composers of Today:A Comprehensive Biographical and Critical Guide to Modern Composers of All Nations. Contributors: David Ewen - Editor, David Ewen - Compiler. Publisher: H. W. Wilson. Place of publication: New York. Publication year: 1934. Page number: 115.
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