Composers of Today: A Comprehensive Biographical and Critical Guide to Modern Composers of All Nations

By David Ewen | Go to book overview
these discrepancies get fewer and fewer, and his style gets maturer, simpler and more individual, and this individuality shows thru all his music; whether it is in the most extreme harmonic and rhythmical thought of the Planets or the absolute simplicity of the Four Carols, his signature is plain on every page."Principal works by Gustav Holst:
ORCHESTRA : Choral Symphony; Cotswolds Symphony; Indra; Oriental Suite; The Planets; Fugal Overture; St. Paul's Suite (for chamber orchestra).
OPERA : Savitri; Perfect Fool; At the Boar's Head.
CHAMBER MUSIC : Quintet for Piano and Wind; Fugal Concerto for Flute, Oboe and Strings.
CHORAL : Ode to Death; Evening Watch; The Mystic Trumpeter; Two Psalms; Hymns from Rig-Veda.
About Gustav Holst:
Holbrooke, Josef. Contemporary Brititsh Composers.
Chesterian, n. s. 8:225 June 1920; Music and Letters 1:181 July 1920.
Important recordings of music by Gustav Holst:
COLUMBIA : The Planets.
GRAMOPHONE : Psalm no. 86.
VICTOR : The Perfect Fool: "Dance of the Spirits of the Earth."

Arthur Honegger 1892-

"He is one of those on whom we may rely to keep the traditions of absolute music alive . . . of music that needs for its full expression nothing but the guidance of his inspiration and his patiently acquired and unfailing craftsmanship."-- DARIUS MILHAUD

ARTHUR HONEGGER, one of the principal members of the once- potent "French-six"1 and one of the outstanding modernists of present-day musical France, was born in Havre, on March 10, 1892 of Swiss parentage. His life has not been very eventful, being merely a record of his musical growth and maturity. His first musical studies were with the violin, which taught him the backbone of chamber music--information which he utilized to such great advantage in later life. After studying at the Conservatory of Zurich, he returned to France in 1912 to complete his studies at the Paris Con-

servatory under Gédalge, Widor and Vincent D'Indy. After leaving the Conservatory Honegger worked industriously for several years in order to master the technique of composition, assiduously studying the scores of Richard Strauss, Max Reger, Schönberg and Stravinsky. It is primarily due to this fact--namely that Honegger sub jected himself to rigorous technical study before attempting serious composition-- that all of his works, even the early ones, are marked by an extraordinary craftsmanship in which there is no fumbling or lack of sureness.

His early works, produced under the influence of the "French-six," are hardly indicative of the enormous originality of Honegger's later musical speech. The Sonata for Violin and Piano ( 1916) and the String Quartet ( 1917) are stilted, deficient in imagination, altho enormously competent in their technique. Not until 1921 did Honegger's style reach its ultimate perfection. Horace Victorieux, which came in that year--the first of Honegger's important works--"marks," as Roland-Manuel tells us, "the complete emancipation of Honegger's talent. With this athletic symphony, our musician becomes plainly conscious of his power." This power became especially manifest in the works that followed: Le Roi David, Pacific 231 and Judith. With these works, Honegger's stature in modern French music became imposing; and he became recognized as one of the most vigorous voices in the choir of modern composers.

"There are many sides to Honegger as an artist; but the best of his many aspects is his lyrical one--sometimes instinct with joy and praise, sometimes touched with a melancholy that expresses itself in songs of winged sweetness," according to Guido Pannain. "The vivid score of Le Roi David is steeped in the poignancy of a racial, a national heart- cry. The same motive kindles the frenzied vocalism of Judith. Honegger in this mood is a poet of the human voice raised in song, the magician who calls forth ancient modes from the chasm of tradition. In the two operas named above he has found in the reli-

____________________
Honegger: hŏ'nĕg-ŭ
1
For an explanation of the origin, aims and dissolution of the "French-six" see the sketch of Georges Auric.

-119-

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Composers of Today: A Comprehensive Biographical and Critical Guide to Modern Composers of All Nations
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Books of the Same Author ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Introduction vii
  • Key to Pronunciations xiv
  • Joseph Achron 1886- 1
  • George Antheil 1900- 3
  • Kurt Atterberg 1887- 4
  • Louis Aubert 1877- 6
  • Georges Auric 1899- 7
  • Granville Bantock 1868- 8
  • Béla Bartók 1881- 10
  • Arnold Bax 1883- 15
  • Robert Russell Bennett 1894- 16
  • Lord Berners 1883. 20
  • Julius Bittner 1874- 22
  • Arthur Bliss 1891- 23
  • Marc Blitzstein 1905- 24
  • Ernest Bloch 1880- 25
  • Rutland Boughton 1878- 26
  • Walter Braunfels 1882- 29
  • Frank Bridge 1879- 31
  • Alfred Bruneau 1857-1934 32
  • Charles Wakefield Cadman 1881- 35
  • Alfredo Casella 1883- 36
  • Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco 1895- 38
  • Juan José Castro 1895- 40
  • Gustave Charpentier 1860. 41
  • Frederick Shepherd Converse 1871- 46
  • Henry Cowell 1897- 49
  • Sir Frederic H. Cowen 1852- 51
  • Sir Walford Davies 1869- 53
  • Claude Debussy 1862-1918 55
  • Frederick Delius 1863-1934 56
  • Ernst Von Dohnányi 1877. 60
  • Arcady Dubensky 1890- 62
  • Paul Dukas 1865- 64
  • Paul Dupin 1865- 67
  • Georges Enesco 1881- 68
  • Manuel De Falla .1876- 70
  • Gabriel Fauré 1845-1924 72
  • Henri Gagnebin 1886- 79
  • Philippe Gaubert 1879- 80
  • George Gershwin 1898- 80
  • Umberto Giordano 1867- 82
  • Alexander Glazunov 1865- 84
  • Reinhold Glière 1874- 86
  • Michael Gniessin 1883- 90
  • Paul Graener 1872- 91
  • Percy Grainger 1882- 93
  • Alexander Gretchaninoff 1864- 94
  • Louis Gruenberg 1883- 96
  • Alois Hába 1893- 98
  • Henry Hadley 1871- 99
  • Reynaldo Hahn 1874- 101
  • Howard Hanson 1896- 103
  • Sandor Harmati 1892- 104
  • Roy Harris 1898- 106
  • Edward Burlingame Hill 1872- 110
  • Paul Hindemith 1895- 112
  • Gustav Holst 1874-1934 115
  • Arthur Honegger 1892- 117
  • Herbert Howells 1892- 119
  • Jacques Ibert 1890- 120
  • Vincent D'Indy 1851-1931 122
  • Michael Ippolitov-Ivanov 1859- 123
  • John Ireland 1879- 125
  • Frederick Jacobi 1891- 128
  • Leoš Janáček 1854-1928 130
  • Werner Janssen 1900- 131
  • Joseph Jongen 1873. 133
  • Werner Josten 1888- 134
  • Paul Juon 1872- 135
  • Heinrich Kaminski 1886- 136
  • Wilhelm Kienzl 1857- 139
  • Lyof Knipper 1898- 140
  • Zoltan Kodály 1882- 141
  • Erich Wolfgang Korngold 1897- 142
  • A. Walter Kramer 1890- 147
  • Alexander Kreyn 1883- 148
  • Ladislas Lajtha 1892- 151
  • Constant Lambert 1905- 151
  • Charles Martin Loeffler 1861- 152
  • Nikolai Lopatnikoff 1903- 153
  • Igor Markevitch 1912- 157
  • Frank Martin 1890- 159
  • Bohuslav Martinu 1890- 161
  • Joseph Marx 1882- 162
  • Pietro Mascagni 1863- 164
  • Daniel Gregory Mason 1873- 165
  • Nikolai Medtner 1880- 167
  • Nikolai Miaskovsky 1881- 168
  • Georges Migot 1891- 170
  • Darius Milhaud 1892- 171
  • Italo Montemezzi 1875- 175
  • Harold Morris 1890- 176
  • Alexander Mossolov 1900- 177
  • Leo Ornstein 1895- 179
  • Ignace Jan Paderewski 1860- 181
  • Hans Pfitzner 1869- 185
  • Willem Pijper 1894- 189
  • Paul Pisk 1893- 191
  • Walter Piston 1894- 192
  • Ildebrando Pizzetti 1880- 193
  • Francis Poulenc 1899- 194
  • John Powell 1882- 196
  • Serge Prokofieff 1891- 198
  • Henri Rabaud 1873- 199
  • Serge Rachmaninoff 1873- 201
  • Maurice Ravel 1875- 205
  • Rhené-Baton 1879- 210
  • Wallingford Riegger 1885. 212
  • Vittorio Rieti 1898- 213
  • Roger-Ducasse 1875- 215
  • Dane Rudhyar 1895- 218
  • Carl Ruggles 1876- 220
  • Victor De Sabata 1892- 221
  • Lazare Saminsky 1882- 224
  • Ernest Schelling 1876- 226
  • Joseph Schillinger 1895- 228
  • Max Von Schillings 1868-1933 230
  • Florent Schmitt 1870. 232
  • Arnold Schönberg 1874- 234
  • Cyril Scott 1879- 238
  • Alexander Scriabin 1871-1915 240
  • Bernhard Sekles 1872- 242
  • Roger Sessions 1896- 245
  • Dmitri Shostakowitch 1906- 246
  • Christian Sinding 249
  • Leone Sinigaglia 1868- 252
  • David Stanley Smith 1877­ 253
  • Leo Sowerby 1895- 255
  • William Grant Still 1895- 256
  • Albert Stoessel 1894- 258
  • Richard Strauss 1864- 259
  • Igor Stravinsky 1882- 260
  • Edwin J. Stringham 1890- 268
  • Alexander Tansman 1897- 270
  • Deems Taylor 1885- 271
  • Alexander Tcherepnine 1899- 273
  • Nikolai Tcherepnine 1873- 275
  • Virgil Thomson 1896- 276
  • Ernest Toch 1887- 278
  • Vincenzo Tommasini 1880- 279
  • Joaquin Turina 1882. 281
  • Edgar Varèse 1885- 283
  • Ralph Vaughan-Williams 1872- 284
  • Hector Villa-Lobos 1886- 286
  • H. Waldo-Warner 1874- 288
  • William Walton 1902- 290
  • Anton Webern 1883- 291
  • Kurt Weill 1900- 292
  • Jaromir Weinberger 1896- 295
  • Leo Weiner 1885- 296
  • Adolph Weiss 1891- 298
  • Egon Wellesz 1885- 300
  • Alexander Weprik .1899- 301
  • Riccardo Zandonai 1883- 305
  • Bibliography of Modern Music 309
  • Index 313
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