Composers of Today: A Comprehensive Biographical and Critical Guide to Modern Composers of All Nations

By David Ewen | Go to book overview
and living life. My work in music helped my business and my work in business helped my music."Speaking about his supposedly revolutionary music, he says: "I found I could not go on using the familiar chords only. I heard something else. . . . My father used to say: 'If a poet knows more about a horse than he does about heaven, he might better stick to the horse and some day the horse might carry him into heaven.'" Charles Ives looks neither like a composer nor a successful business man. He prefers to wear rural clothing; a battered hat and a beard complete the picture. Now that he is in retirement, he has returned to live in a small town in Connecticut where he feels most at ease, and which he feels he understands most intimately.Principal works by Charles Ives:
ORCHESTRA: New England; Suite; two overtures; Third Symphony; Holidays; Fourth Symphony.
CHORAL: The Celestial Country; Three Pieces for Unison Chorus; Lincoln.
CHAMBER MUSIC: String Quartet; Set; violin sonatas.
Songs, piano pieces, etc.

About Charles Ives:

Cowell Henry. American Composers on American Music.

Boston Transcript 3:4February 3, 1934; Musical Quarterly 19:45January 1933.


Frederick Jacobi 1891-

FREDERICK JACOBI was born in San Francisco on May 4, 1891. The major portion of his education was pursued in New York City where he attended the Ethical Culture School, of which he is today a patron. In music, he was guided by Rubin Goldmark in composition, and Paolo Gallico in piano. Upon gaining advancement in his musical studies, Jacobi left for Berlin where, at the Hochschule für Musik, he studied under Paul Juon.

Upon his return to America, Jacobi was engaged as an assistant conductor to Hertz and Bodanzky at the Metropolitan Opera House in New York.

A considerable period of his life has been spent with the Pueblo Indians in

New Mexico and Arizona, where he studied native Indian music. "I have spent many months at various times, in their midst," he writes us, "and have been greatly impressed by many beauties (both spiritually and as concerning more purely musical ponderables) in their music." The result of his studies was his String Quartet on Indian Themes which the Flonzaley String Quartet introduced, and which was selected for performance at the International Festival of chamber music at Zürich in 1926. This was followed by his still more famous Indian Dances--which Stokowski performed so successfully with the Philadelphia Symphony Orchestra, a work which is artistically eminently successful, "handled," as Irving Weil criticized, "with greater point and less sentimentality" than Jacobi's former works.

Most recently, Jacobi has produced the Sabbath Evening Service--commissioned by the Temple Emanu-El, in New York. No less an authority on synagogue music than Lazare Saminsky, calls this work "one of Jacobi's most inspired works."

During the War, Jacobi served in the United States Army--as a saxaphone player! After the War, he settled in Northampton, Massachusetts, whither he expects to return after having spent five years of work and study in Europe. In 1926, he served on the music-jury of the Coolidge-Frost festival in the Ojai Valley, California. He has several times been American delegate at the festivals of the International Society for Contemporary Music.

"I find," he says in discussing his composition, "that I write best when I write slowly and carefully; in recent years I orchestrate my works (when they are orchestral) as I go along, rather than writing a sketch first and returning then to do the orchestration, as a special job. I find that in composing it is a question of 'the more haste the less speed.' It has also seemed good to me (for a certain period at least) to have kept at a certain distance from the intense musical life of our day: to keep myself free from the musical slogans and modes of the moment. Only in this way, I believe, have I been able to look into myself and to write music which I believe to be not

____________________
Jacobi: jȧ-cō'bē

-130-

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Composers of Today: A Comprehensive Biographical and Critical Guide to Modern Composers of All Nations
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Books of the Same Author ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Introduction vii
  • Key to Pronunciations xiv
  • Joseph Achron 1886- 1
  • George Antheil 1900- 3
  • Kurt Atterberg 1887- 4
  • Louis Aubert 1877- 6
  • Georges Auric 1899- 7
  • Granville Bantock 1868- 8
  • Béla Bartók 1881- 10
  • Arnold Bax 1883- 15
  • Robert Russell Bennett 1894- 16
  • Lord Berners 1883. 20
  • Julius Bittner 1874- 22
  • Arthur Bliss 1891- 23
  • Marc Blitzstein 1905- 24
  • Ernest Bloch 1880- 25
  • Rutland Boughton 1878- 26
  • Walter Braunfels 1882- 29
  • Frank Bridge 1879- 31
  • Alfred Bruneau 1857-1934 32
  • Charles Wakefield Cadman 1881- 35
  • Alfredo Casella 1883- 36
  • Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco 1895- 38
  • Juan José Castro 1895- 40
  • Gustave Charpentier 1860. 41
  • Frederick Shepherd Converse 1871- 46
  • Henry Cowell 1897- 49
  • Sir Frederic H. Cowen 1852- 51
  • Sir Walford Davies 1869- 53
  • Claude Debussy 1862-1918 55
  • Frederick Delius 1863-1934 56
  • Ernst Von Dohnányi 1877. 60
  • Arcady Dubensky 1890- 62
  • Paul Dukas 1865- 64
  • Paul Dupin 1865- 67
  • Georges Enesco 1881- 68
  • Manuel De Falla .1876- 70
  • Gabriel Fauré 1845-1924 72
  • Henri Gagnebin 1886- 79
  • Philippe Gaubert 1879- 80
  • George Gershwin 1898- 80
  • Umberto Giordano 1867- 82
  • Alexander Glazunov 1865- 84
  • Reinhold Glière 1874- 86
  • Michael Gniessin 1883- 90
  • Paul Graener 1872- 91
  • Percy Grainger 1882- 93
  • Alexander Gretchaninoff 1864- 94
  • Louis Gruenberg 1883- 96
  • Alois Hába 1893- 98
  • Henry Hadley 1871- 99
  • Reynaldo Hahn 1874- 101
  • Howard Hanson 1896- 103
  • Sandor Harmati 1892- 104
  • Roy Harris 1898- 106
  • Edward Burlingame Hill 1872- 110
  • Paul Hindemith 1895- 112
  • Gustav Holst 1874-1934 115
  • Arthur Honegger 1892- 117
  • Herbert Howells 1892- 119
  • Jacques Ibert 1890- 120
  • Vincent D'Indy 1851-1931 122
  • Michael Ippolitov-Ivanov 1859- 123
  • John Ireland 1879- 125
  • Frederick Jacobi 1891- 128
  • Leoš Janáček 1854-1928 130
  • Werner Janssen 1900- 131
  • Joseph Jongen 1873. 133
  • Werner Josten 1888- 134
  • Paul Juon 1872- 135
  • Heinrich Kaminski 1886- 136
  • Wilhelm Kienzl 1857- 139
  • Lyof Knipper 1898- 140
  • Zoltan Kodály 1882- 141
  • Erich Wolfgang Korngold 1897- 142
  • A. Walter Kramer 1890- 147
  • Alexander Kreyn 1883- 148
  • Ladislas Lajtha 1892- 151
  • Constant Lambert 1905- 151
  • Charles Martin Loeffler 1861- 152
  • Nikolai Lopatnikoff 1903- 153
  • Igor Markevitch 1912- 157
  • Frank Martin 1890- 159
  • Bohuslav Martinu 1890- 161
  • Joseph Marx 1882- 162
  • Pietro Mascagni 1863- 164
  • Daniel Gregory Mason 1873- 165
  • Nikolai Medtner 1880- 167
  • Nikolai Miaskovsky 1881- 168
  • Georges Migot 1891- 170
  • Darius Milhaud 1892- 171
  • Italo Montemezzi 1875- 175
  • Harold Morris 1890- 176
  • Alexander Mossolov 1900- 177
  • Leo Ornstein 1895- 179
  • Ignace Jan Paderewski 1860- 181
  • Hans Pfitzner 1869- 185
  • Willem Pijper 1894- 189
  • Paul Pisk 1893- 191
  • Walter Piston 1894- 192
  • Ildebrando Pizzetti 1880- 193
  • Francis Poulenc 1899- 194
  • John Powell 1882- 196
  • Serge Prokofieff 1891- 198
  • Henri Rabaud 1873- 199
  • Serge Rachmaninoff 1873- 201
  • Maurice Ravel 1875- 205
  • Rhené-Baton 1879- 210
  • Wallingford Riegger 1885. 212
  • Vittorio Rieti 1898- 213
  • Roger-Ducasse 1875- 215
  • Dane Rudhyar 1895- 218
  • Carl Ruggles 1876- 220
  • Victor De Sabata 1892- 221
  • Lazare Saminsky 1882- 224
  • Ernest Schelling 1876- 226
  • Joseph Schillinger 1895- 228
  • Max Von Schillings 1868-1933 230
  • Florent Schmitt 1870. 232
  • Arnold Schönberg 1874- 234
  • Cyril Scott 1879- 238
  • Alexander Scriabin 1871-1915 240
  • Bernhard Sekles 1872- 242
  • Roger Sessions 1896- 245
  • Dmitri Shostakowitch 1906- 246
  • Christian Sinding 249
  • Leone Sinigaglia 1868- 252
  • David Stanley Smith 1877­ 253
  • Leo Sowerby 1895- 255
  • William Grant Still 1895- 256
  • Albert Stoessel 1894- 258
  • Richard Strauss 1864- 259
  • Igor Stravinsky 1882- 260
  • Edwin J. Stringham 1890- 268
  • Alexander Tansman 1897- 270
  • Deems Taylor 1885- 271
  • Alexander Tcherepnine 1899- 273
  • Nikolai Tcherepnine 1873- 275
  • Virgil Thomson 1896- 276
  • Ernest Toch 1887- 278
  • Vincenzo Tommasini 1880- 279
  • Joaquin Turina 1882. 281
  • Edgar Varèse 1885- 283
  • Ralph Vaughan-Williams 1872- 284
  • Hector Villa-Lobos 1886- 286
  • H. Waldo-Warner 1874- 288
  • William Walton 1902- 290
  • Anton Webern 1883- 291
  • Kurt Weill 1900- 292
  • Jaromir Weinberger 1896- 295
  • Leo Weiner 1885- 296
  • Adolph Weiss 1891- 298
  • Egon Wellesz 1885- 300
  • Alexander Weprik .1899- 301
  • Riccardo Zandonai 1883- 305
  • Bibliography of Modern Music 309
  • Index 313
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