Composers of Today: A Comprehensive Biographical and Critical Guide to Modern Composers of All Nations

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M. D. Calvocoressi has analyzed Pijper's music in this fashion: "His themes are definitely tonal or modal, diatonic in character. And altho he resorts freely enough to polytonal harmonies, and occasionally to other polytonal combinations, his music, in spirit, color, and tone, is altogether different from the French polyphonists. It comes no nearer to the atonality of the school of Schönberg or to that of Bartók. I should incline to say that his incursions into the realm of atonality and polytonality are determined by special purposes of coloration or accentuation, by whims of a moment which the general purpose of the works in which they occur justifies." And, elsewhere, M. D. Colvocoressi continues: "He is, in short, radical in his methods, yet temperate in their application. The attention he devotes to polyphonic devices and structural correspondences may be characteristic of his ancestry or of his study of old Dutch music; his sense of color and his diction are, in the main, unquestionably Latin; but his personality is distinctly his own. Its most personal feature is perhaps his capacity to express an aural, even impressionistic imagination, by a strictly deductive method."Principal works by Willem Pijper:
ORCHESTRA: Symphony; Divertimento; Second Symphony; Third Symphony; incidental music to Antigone; incidental music to The Bacchantes; Epigrammata.
CHAMBER MUSIC: Three string quartets; two piano trios; Sextet for Wind; Septet for Wind, Double-Bass and Piano; Sonata for Violin and Piano.
CHORAL: Heer Halewijn; Heer Danielken; Fêtes Galantes.

About Willem Pijper:

Dominant 1:14 July 1928; Eolus 8:26 January 1929.

Paul Pisk 1893-

PAUL AMADEUS PISK, eminent musicologist and composer, was born--in Vienna on May 16, 1893. His father, a lawyer, subjected his son to a rigorous academic training. Paul attended the normal school and then the Gymnasium in Vienna; the study of music was not pursued seriously until his fifteenth year when he became the pupil of Julius Epstein, eminent Viennese pianist. While attending the University of Vienna, from 1911 to 1916, Paul Pisk specialized in musical subjects, studying the history of music under Professor Guido Adler. Upon receiving his Doctor's degree at the University, Pisk turned whole-heartedly to music and decided to make it his life- study. In 1912, he studied orchestral conducting under Hellmesberger; the following year he pursued the study of theory and composition under Franz Schreker; shortly thereafter his schooling was completed under Arnold Schönberg who introduced the young composer to modernism and the Schönberg "twelve-tone system."

Paul Pisk entered musical activity as an orchestral conductor of various small theatres thruout the German provinces, particularly in Eberswalde, Freienwalde and Bernburg. The War brought him to the front, and for four years he fought in the Austrian army. Peace brought him back to his musical pursuits in 1918. He became secretary of the Sch6nberg Verein, and from 1922 acted as the musical leader of the Volkshochschule in Vienna. In 1924, his compositions received a prize, offered by the city of Vienna for distinguished contributions to modern music.

Pisk has distinguished himself in the field of musicology as well as in composing. For a while co-editor with Paul Stefan on that eminent music journal, Anbruch, Pisk resigned to become the music critic of the Arbeitszeitung. Here he created a reputation because of his pointed critical acumen, and sympathetic understanding. He also contributed articles to leading lexicons and music journals, becoming something of a spokesman and interpreter of younger composers in Austria and Germany.

Paul Pisk is the composer of numerous works for orchestra, piano and chamber-groups--all couched in the modern idiom--which have been performed frequently in Germany, Austria and Czechoslovakia, particularly at the Salzburg and Vienna Music Festivals. Paul Stefan thus comments on his music: " Pisk is a composer of great talents of radical tendencies. His works


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Composers of Today: A Comprehensive Biographical and Critical Guide to Modern Composers of All Nations
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