Fountains of Rome, Pines of Rome
and Festivals of Rome--which have
been performed with such enormous
success by Arturo Toscanini in Italy
and America, and which have been
featured on symphony programs of orchestras thruout the world. Works such
as these are important contributions to
the symphonic literature of our times
and represent Respighi at his strongest.
Referring once again to G. A. Luciani:
"In his Fountains of Rome, Respighi
has realized a personal form of symphonic-poem, where the descriptive and
colorful element blends intimately with
the lyrical and sentimental element, and
in a line which persistently maintains its
classicism in spite of a very modern
technique. It is to this form that he has
returned in his Pines of Rome, which
concludes with a triumphal march of a
rich and powerful sonority."In his operas, particularly in such
successful efforts as the Sunken Bell,
after a play of Gerhart Hauptmann, performed at the Metropolitan Opera
House of New York, and Maria Egiziaca whose world-première took place
under the baton of Toscanini, Respighi
has revealed a refined musical style
which almost approaches impressionism.
In these operas, Respighi has been less
Italian than his compatriots, in that the
harmonic construction is of greater importance than the lyrical, and the orchestra is given greater importance than the
voices. More recently, however--particularly in his last work, La Fiamma-- Respighi has consciously returned to the
composition of full melodies so beloved
by his people. A greater simplicity is
now found, and a wealth of lyrical material. As Respighi himself has said, La
Fiamma is "a return to the people. It
represents my need to sing simply and
sincerely for the great mass of the
people.""Whether Respighi has achieved a
new and strongly original expression,"
criticized Raymond Hall, "is open to debate. That he has written a terse and
highly effective melodrama, there seems
no question to this reviewer. The invention is not always of a high order,
but it is more often good than in any
of his previous stage works, with the
possible exception of Maria Egiziaca."Principal works by Ottorino Respighi:
About Ottorino Respighi: Revue Musicale 8:51January 1927.Important recordings of music by Ottorino Respighi:
|OPERA : Semirama; Maria Vittoria; Belfagor; Sunken Bell; Maria Egiziaca; La
|ORCHESTRA : Suite for Strings and Organ; Sinfonia Drammatica; Fountains of Rome; Pines of Rome; Festivals of Rome; Concerto
for Piano and Orchestra; Concerto Gregoriano (for violin and orchestra); Church Windows; Suite Antique.|
|CHAMBER MUSIC : Sonata in B-Minor (for
violin and piano); String Quartet in D-
Major; Quartetto Dorico; Concerto à Cinque.|
|VICTOR : Fountains of Rome ( Coates).|
|ITALIAN VICTOR : Pines of Rome; Suite
Emil von Reznicek 1860-
EMIL NIKOLAUS VON REZNICEK, in the vanguard of the rigidly conservative of modern Austrian
composers, was born in Vienna on May 4, 1860. The law appealed to him
strongly in his youth, and so he entered
a law school in Graz, pursuing the study
of music under Prof. Wilhelm Mayer
as an avocation. At the age of twenty-
one--with a legal career stretching before him--he met and became a close
friend of Busoni, the composer, and Felix Weingartner, the conductor, who
first seriously influenced him to study
music with greater seriousness. Their
arguments struck a responsive chord
with Reznicek and, one year later, he
gave up legal studies in order to make
music his life-work. Entering the Leipzig Conservatory, he studied under those
two celebrated theorists, Jadassohn and Reinecke. A year of diligent and intensive study successfully filled in the
gaps in his musical knowledge, and by
his twenty-third birthday he was prepared to compose with a skilled pen. His Symphonic Suite ( 1833) revealed
that he had learned his lessons well.
In order to earn a livelihood while
composing, he turned to orchestral conducting--and for several years he was
leader of theatrical orchestras in Graz, Berlin and Mainz. In the meanwhile,
the drudgery of conducting inconse____________________
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Composers of Today:A Comprehensive Biographical and Critical Guide to Modern Composers of All Nations.
Contributors: David Ewen - Editor, David Ewen - Compiler.
Publisher: H. W. Wilson.
Place of publication: New York.
Publication year: 1934.
Page number: 210.
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