Composers of Today: A Comprehensive Biographical and Critical Guide to Modern Composers of All Nations

By David Ewen | Go to book overview
inspired expression of a great soul which the world will some day accept as great art. Probably the true position of Franz Schreker--as more than one clear- sighted critic has pointed out--lies somewhere between these two widely divergent points of view. Schreker was a brave and fearless pioneer who influenced modern music enormously. In his operas, he produced many moments of great power and enormous expressiveness. However, Schreker could be insufferably dull and heavy-handed; his operas often moved with heavy, leaden feet. It is quite unlikely that his operas will survive him, or that Schreker's importance in modern music will be more than a historical one.Principal works by Franz Schreker:
OPERA: Der Ferne Klang; Das Spielwerk und die Prinzessin; Die Gezeichneten; Irrelohe; Memnon, etc.
ORCHESTRA: Ekkehard; Romantic Suite; The Birthday of the Infanta; The Wind; Dance Suite; Kleine Suite für Kammerorchester.

About Franz Schreker:

Bekker Paul. Franz Schreker; Kapp Julius. Franz Schreker; Hoffman R. S. Franz Schreker.

Musical Digest 5:20March 25, 1924.; Musical Leader 53:5September 15, 1927.

Important recordings of music by Franz Schreker:

POLYDOR: Birthday of the Infanta ( Schreker) ; Kleine Suite ( Schreker); Suite from Der Ferne Klang.


Cyril Scott 1879-

" Cyril Scott is one of the rarest artists of the present generation."--DEBUSSY

CYRIL MEIR SCOTT was born in Oxton, Cheshire, on September 27, 1879. His mother was a very talented amateur musician. His father, a celebrated Greek scholar, turned his son at an early age to serious academic study. But music appealed too strongly to Scott ever to become merely a plaything, and even as a child he definitely decided to devote himself entirely to the art. Moreover, Cyril Scott revealed such an enormous alertness for music as a child as to make it unmistakable that his greatest talent lay in that direction. As a mere child he could play the piano by ear, and began to sketch his original musical ideas on paper. It was the insistence of the mother that finally wore down the father's resistance to Cyril Scott's adopting music as a major study--and young Scott took to music with enormous enthusiasm and zest.

His early music studies were pursued in Germany, at Frankfurt-on-the Main, first at the Hoch Conservatory and then, four years later, under Ivan Knorr. His musical education having ended in Frankfurt, Scott returned to England, settling in Liverpool where he turned to the teaching of the piano as a livelihood and where, in spare hours, he composed prolifically and wrote poetry. 1900 saw the first performance of his music when his Heroic Suite and First Symphony were performed by Hans Richter in Liverpool, Manchester and Darmstadt. These early works, however, were later destroyed by Scott who considered them merely youthful indiscretions.

In 1901 his Piano Quartet in E-Minor was heard in London, with none other than Fritz Kreisler playing the violin part; two years later Henry J. Wood introduced the Second Symphony. The brave and pungent originality of Cyril Scott's style made him before long the center of violent musical discussion in London. Percy Grainger informs us: "When I first went to London, around 1900, Cyril Scott seemed to me to be the leading English compositional thought. It was largely his musical ideas and innovations that his fellow composers discussed and drew esthetic nourishment from."

In his earliest works for piano and chamber-groups, written while a very young man, Cyril Scott was already the inventor of a novel speech--electric in its modernity--which created considerable hostility among music audiences, who were bewildered by the strange sounds which poured towards them. Disregarding all rules of composition, Cyril Scott seemed interested only in dynamic effects, vitriolic sensations in tone which brazenly defied all tradition. In this early music, Cyril Scott posed himself as the freest, most independent and most original thinker in English music

-240-

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Composers of Today: A Comprehensive Biographical and Critical Guide to Modern Composers of All Nations
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Books of the Same Author ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Introduction vii
  • Key to Pronunciations xiv
  • Joseph Achron 1886- 1
  • George Antheil 1900- 3
  • Kurt Atterberg 1887- 4
  • Louis Aubert 1877- 6
  • Georges Auric 1899- 7
  • Granville Bantock 1868- 8
  • Béla Bartók 1881- 10
  • Arnold Bax 1883- 15
  • Robert Russell Bennett 1894- 16
  • Lord Berners 1883. 20
  • Julius Bittner 1874- 22
  • Arthur Bliss 1891- 23
  • Marc Blitzstein 1905- 24
  • Ernest Bloch 1880- 25
  • Rutland Boughton 1878- 26
  • Walter Braunfels 1882- 29
  • Frank Bridge 1879- 31
  • Alfred Bruneau 1857-1934 32
  • Charles Wakefield Cadman 1881- 35
  • Alfredo Casella 1883- 36
  • Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco 1895- 38
  • Juan José Castro 1895- 40
  • Gustave Charpentier 1860. 41
  • Frederick Shepherd Converse 1871- 46
  • Henry Cowell 1897- 49
  • Sir Frederic H. Cowen 1852- 51
  • Sir Walford Davies 1869- 53
  • Claude Debussy 1862-1918 55
  • Frederick Delius 1863-1934 56
  • Ernst Von Dohnányi 1877. 60
  • Arcady Dubensky 1890- 62
  • Paul Dukas 1865- 64
  • Paul Dupin 1865- 67
  • Georges Enesco 1881- 68
  • Manuel De Falla .1876- 70
  • Gabriel Fauré 1845-1924 72
  • Henri Gagnebin 1886- 79
  • Philippe Gaubert 1879- 80
  • George Gershwin 1898- 80
  • Umberto Giordano 1867- 82
  • Alexander Glazunov 1865- 84
  • Reinhold Glière 1874- 86
  • Michael Gniessin 1883- 90
  • Paul Graener 1872- 91
  • Percy Grainger 1882- 93
  • Alexander Gretchaninoff 1864- 94
  • Louis Gruenberg 1883- 96
  • Alois Hába 1893- 98
  • Henry Hadley 1871- 99
  • Reynaldo Hahn 1874- 101
  • Howard Hanson 1896- 103
  • Sandor Harmati 1892- 104
  • Roy Harris 1898- 106
  • Edward Burlingame Hill 1872- 110
  • Paul Hindemith 1895- 112
  • Gustav Holst 1874-1934 115
  • Arthur Honegger 1892- 117
  • Herbert Howells 1892- 119
  • Jacques Ibert 1890- 120
  • Vincent D'Indy 1851-1931 122
  • Michael Ippolitov-Ivanov 1859- 123
  • John Ireland 1879- 125
  • Frederick Jacobi 1891- 128
  • Leoš Janáček 1854-1928 130
  • Werner Janssen 1900- 131
  • Joseph Jongen 1873. 133
  • Werner Josten 1888- 134
  • Paul Juon 1872- 135
  • Heinrich Kaminski 1886- 136
  • Wilhelm Kienzl 1857- 139
  • Lyof Knipper 1898- 140
  • Zoltan Kodály 1882- 141
  • Erich Wolfgang Korngold 1897- 142
  • A. Walter Kramer 1890- 147
  • Alexander Kreyn 1883- 148
  • Ladislas Lajtha 1892- 151
  • Constant Lambert 1905- 151
  • Charles Martin Loeffler 1861- 152
  • Nikolai Lopatnikoff 1903- 153
  • Igor Markevitch 1912- 157
  • Frank Martin 1890- 159
  • Bohuslav Martinu 1890- 161
  • Joseph Marx 1882- 162
  • Pietro Mascagni 1863- 164
  • Daniel Gregory Mason 1873- 165
  • Nikolai Medtner 1880- 167
  • Nikolai Miaskovsky 1881- 168
  • Georges Migot 1891- 170
  • Darius Milhaud 1892- 171
  • Italo Montemezzi 1875- 175
  • Harold Morris 1890- 176
  • Alexander Mossolov 1900- 177
  • Leo Ornstein 1895- 179
  • Ignace Jan Paderewski 1860- 181
  • Hans Pfitzner 1869- 185
  • Willem Pijper 1894- 189
  • Paul Pisk 1893- 191
  • Walter Piston 1894- 192
  • Ildebrando Pizzetti 1880- 193
  • Francis Poulenc 1899- 194
  • John Powell 1882- 196
  • Serge Prokofieff 1891- 198
  • Henri Rabaud 1873- 199
  • Serge Rachmaninoff 1873- 201
  • Maurice Ravel 1875- 205
  • Rhené-Baton 1879- 210
  • Wallingford Riegger 1885. 212
  • Vittorio Rieti 1898- 213
  • Roger-Ducasse 1875- 215
  • Dane Rudhyar 1895- 218
  • Carl Ruggles 1876- 220
  • Victor De Sabata 1892- 221
  • Lazare Saminsky 1882- 224
  • Ernest Schelling 1876- 226
  • Joseph Schillinger 1895- 228
  • Max Von Schillings 1868-1933 230
  • Florent Schmitt 1870. 232
  • Arnold Schönberg 1874- 234
  • Cyril Scott 1879- 238
  • Alexander Scriabin 1871-1915 240
  • Bernhard Sekles 1872- 242
  • Roger Sessions 1896- 245
  • Dmitri Shostakowitch 1906- 246
  • Christian Sinding 249
  • Leone Sinigaglia 1868- 252
  • David Stanley Smith 1877­ 253
  • Leo Sowerby 1895- 255
  • William Grant Still 1895- 256
  • Albert Stoessel 1894- 258
  • Richard Strauss 1864- 259
  • Igor Stravinsky 1882- 260
  • Edwin J. Stringham 1890- 268
  • Alexander Tansman 1897- 270
  • Deems Taylor 1885- 271
  • Alexander Tcherepnine 1899- 273
  • Nikolai Tcherepnine 1873- 275
  • Virgil Thomson 1896- 276
  • Ernest Toch 1887- 278
  • Vincenzo Tommasini 1880- 279
  • Joaquin Turina 1882. 281
  • Edgar Varèse 1885- 283
  • Ralph Vaughan-Williams 1872- 284
  • Hector Villa-Lobos 1886- 286
  • H. Waldo-Warner 1874- 288
  • William Walton 1902- 290
  • Anton Webern 1883- 291
  • Kurt Weill 1900- 292
  • Jaromir Weinberger 1896- 295
  • Leo Weiner 1885- 296
  • Adolph Weiss 1891- 298
  • Egon Wellesz 1885- 300
  • Alexander Weprik .1899- 301
  • Riccardo Zandonai 1883- 305
  • Bibliography of Modern Music 309
  • Index 313
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