Composers of Today: A Comprehensive Biographical and Critical Guide to Modern Composers of All Nations

By David Ewen | Go to book overview
unquestionably affinities with the later Hindemith and is well-couched in the idea of the Schönberg school. But these ideas, and others, have been assimilated in such a way that the piece . . . takes on a very personal character and indicates a new and extremely vigorous temperament in contemporaneous music."The political upheaval in Germany during 1933 drove Ernest Toch from his home in Frankfurt-on-the-Main and converted him into an exile. He came to London, where he devoted his time to teaching the piano. In the Fall of 1934 he came once again to America, this time to join the Faculty of the New School for Social Research. Toch says that the composers who have influenced him most vitally during his musical development are, first, Mozart and Brahms, and then Arnold Schónberg. He considers Schónberg the greatest composer of our generation, and one of the most original creators that the musical art has produced. Ernest Toch firmly believes that the most important element in a musical composition is form. "There must be form--the outer shape dictated by a work's inner organic life. That form will present, in some aspect, a struggle between differing concepts. There must be a curve as inevitable as the trajectory of a shell." Toch expects to settle permanently in the United States.Principal works by Ernest Toch:
ORCHESTRA : Fanal; two concertos for piano and orchestra; Phantastische Nachtmusik; Concerto for Violoncello and Orchestra; Aus Mein Vaterland; Bunte Suite; Westminster Fantasy.
OPERA : Wagwende; Die Prinzessin auf der Erbse; Der Fächer; Egon und Emilie.
CHAMBER MUSIC : Serenade for Three Violins; Serenade for Two Violins and Viola; Kammersinfonie (for fourteen instruments); Five Pieces for Chamber Orchestra; String Quartet, Op. 26; Third String Quartet.
Pieces for piano; songs.

About Ernest Toch:

Allgemeine Musikzeitung 52:519June 12, 1925; Musical America 52:7March 10, 1932; Musical Courier 91:5July 9, 1925; Musical Quarterly 10:227April 1924; Die Musik 18: 245January 1926.


Vincenzo Tommasini 1880-

VINCENZO TOMMASINI, one of the integral members of that important group of modern composers known as the "young Italians,"1 was born in Rome on September 17, 1880. His father was a historian who, altho he recognized signs of unmistakable talent in his son, insisted that a classical education accompany Vincenzo's musical studies. And so, while studying music under Stanislas Falchi, Ettore Pinelli and Benedetto Mazzarella at the Liceo S. Cecilia, Vincenzo attended the University of Rome where he studied Greek literature and philology. During his years as a student he not only found time for prolific composition but he also contributed articles to leading philological journals, and wrote an introduction for a new edition of Xenophon De Re Equestri.

In 1902, Tommasini began a long trip out of Italy which brought him first to Berlin, where he remained long enough to study under Max Bruch, and then transferred him to such diverse musical centers as Paris, London and New York. These travels, with their new musical associations, brought him a new outlook, which was first made apparent in his composition in 1910, with his String Quartet in F.

In view of the fact that with the String Quartet in F Tommasini reveals for the first time his true individuality as a composer, it is interesting to read Guido M. Gatti's comments upon this work. "The themes of the first movement are really beautiful and, however much sheer technique may be revealed in a varied and interesting play of counterpoint, yet they always retain their ego: their emotion is always alive and vivid; it is never sacrificed for redundant elaboration. This fine emotion, half sentient, half mystic, which pervades Tommasini's themes can be discerned in all his compositions, and the more closely we study the musician's work, the more clear and luminous does

____________________
Tommasini: tŏm-ȧ-sēnē
1
For a comment upon the aims of the "Young Italian Composers" see sketch of Alfredo Casella.

-281-

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Composers of Today: A Comprehensive Biographical and Critical Guide to Modern Composers of All Nations
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Books of the Same Author ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Introduction vii
  • Key to Pronunciations xiv
  • Joseph Achron 1886- 1
  • George Antheil 1900- 3
  • Kurt Atterberg 1887- 4
  • Louis Aubert 1877- 6
  • Georges Auric 1899- 7
  • Granville Bantock 1868- 8
  • Béla Bartók 1881- 10
  • Arnold Bax 1883- 15
  • Robert Russell Bennett 1894- 16
  • Lord Berners 1883. 20
  • Julius Bittner 1874- 22
  • Arthur Bliss 1891- 23
  • Marc Blitzstein 1905- 24
  • Ernest Bloch 1880- 25
  • Rutland Boughton 1878- 26
  • Walter Braunfels 1882- 29
  • Frank Bridge 1879- 31
  • Alfred Bruneau 1857-1934 32
  • Charles Wakefield Cadman 1881- 35
  • Alfredo Casella 1883- 36
  • Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco 1895- 38
  • Juan José Castro 1895- 40
  • Gustave Charpentier 1860. 41
  • Frederick Shepherd Converse 1871- 46
  • Henry Cowell 1897- 49
  • Sir Frederic H. Cowen 1852- 51
  • Sir Walford Davies 1869- 53
  • Claude Debussy 1862-1918 55
  • Frederick Delius 1863-1934 56
  • Ernst Von Dohnányi 1877. 60
  • Arcady Dubensky 1890- 62
  • Paul Dukas 1865- 64
  • Paul Dupin 1865- 67
  • Georges Enesco 1881- 68
  • Manuel De Falla .1876- 70
  • Gabriel Fauré 1845-1924 72
  • Henri Gagnebin 1886- 79
  • Philippe Gaubert 1879- 80
  • George Gershwin 1898- 80
  • Umberto Giordano 1867- 82
  • Alexander Glazunov 1865- 84
  • Reinhold Glière 1874- 86
  • Michael Gniessin 1883- 90
  • Paul Graener 1872- 91
  • Percy Grainger 1882- 93
  • Alexander Gretchaninoff 1864- 94
  • Louis Gruenberg 1883- 96
  • Alois Hába 1893- 98
  • Henry Hadley 1871- 99
  • Reynaldo Hahn 1874- 101
  • Howard Hanson 1896- 103
  • Sandor Harmati 1892- 104
  • Roy Harris 1898- 106
  • Edward Burlingame Hill 1872- 110
  • Paul Hindemith 1895- 112
  • Gustav Holst 1874-1934 115
  • Arthur Honegger 1892- 117
  • Herbert Howells 1892- 119
  • Jacques Ibert 1890- 120
  • Vincent D'Indy 1851-1931 122
  • Michael Ippolitov-Ivanov 1859- 123
  • John Ireland 1879- 125
  • Frederick Jacobi 1891- 128
  • Leoš Janáček 1854-1928 130
  • Werner Janssen 1900- 131
  • Joseph Jongen 1873. 133
  • Werner Josten 1888- 134
  • Paul Juon 1872- 135
  • Heinrich Kaminski 1886- 136
  • Wilhelm Kienzl 1857- 139
  • Lyof Knipper 1898- 140
  • Zoltan Kodály 1882- 141
  • Erich Wolfgang Korngold 1897- 142
  • A. Walter Kramer 1890- 147
  • Alexander Kreyn 1883- 148
  • Ladislas Lajtha 1892- 151
  • Constant Lambert 1905- 151
  • Charles Martin Loeffler 1861- 152
  • Nikolai Lopatnikoff 1903- 153
  • Igor Markevitch 1912- 157
  • Frank Martin 1890- 159
  • Bohuslav Martinu 1890- 161
  • Joseph Marx 1882- 162
  • Pietro Mascagni 1863- 164
  • Daniel Gregory Mason 1873- 165
  • Nikolai Medtner 1880- 167
  • Nikolai Miaskovsky 1881- 168
  • Georges Migot 1891- 170
  • Darius Milhaud 1892- 171
  • Italo Montemezzi 1875- 175
  • Harold Morris 1890- 176
  • Alexander Mossolov 1900- 177
  • Leo Ornstein 1895- 179
  • Ignace Jan Paderewski 1860- 181
  • Hans Pfitzner 1869- 185
  • Willem Pijper 1894- 189
  • Paul Pisk 1893- 191
  • Walter Piston 1894- 192
  • Ildebrando Pizzetti 1880- 193
  • Francis Poulenc 1899- 194
  • John Powell 1882- 196
  • Serge Prokofieff 1891- 198
  • Henri Rabaud 1873- 199
  • Serge Rachmaninoff 1873- 201
  • Maurice Ravel 1875- 205
  • Rhené-Baton 1879- 210
  • Wallingford Riegger 1885. 212
  • Vittorio Rieti 1898- 213
  • Roger-Ducasse 1875- 215
  • Dane Rudhyar 1895- 218
  • Carl Ruggles 1876- 220
  • Victor De Sabata 1892- 221
  • Lazare Saminsky 1882- 224
  • Ernest Schelling 1876- 226
  • Joseph Schillinger 1895- 228
  • Max Von Schillings 1868-1933 230
  • Florent Schmitt 1870. 232
  • Arnold Schönberg 1874- 234
  • Cyril Scott 1879- 238
  • Alexander Scriabin 1871-1915 240
  • Bernhard Sekles 1872- 242
  • Roger Sessions 1896- 245
  • Dmitri Shostakowitch 1906- 246
  • Christian Sinding 249
  • Leone Sinigaglia 1868- 252
  • David Stanley Smith 1877­ 253
  • Leo Sowerby 1895- 255
  • William Grant Still 1895- 256
  • Albert Stoessel 1894- 258
  • Richard Strauss 1864- 259
  • Igor Stravinsky 1882- 260
  • Edwin J. Stringham 1890- 268
  • Alexander Tansman 1897- 270
  • Deems Taylor 1885- 271
  • Alexander Tcherepnine 1899- 273
  • Nikolai Tcherepnine 1873- 275
  • Virgil Thomson 1896- 276
  • Ernest Toch 1887- 278
  • Vincenzo Tommasini 1880- 279
  • Joaquin Turina 1882. 281
  • Edgar Varèse 1885- 283
  • Ralph Vaughan-Williams 1872- 284
  • Hector Villa-Lobos 1886- 286
  • H. Waldo-Warner 1874- 288
  • William Walton 1902- 290
  • Anton Webern 1883- 291
  • Kurt Weill 1900- 292
  • Jaromir Weinberger 1896- 295
  • Leo Weiner 1885- 296
  • Adolph Weiss 1891- 298
  • Egon Wellesz 1885- 300
  • Alexander Weprik .1899- 301
  • Riccardo Zandonai 1883- 305
  • Bibliography of Modern Music 309
  • Index 313
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