DIVISIONS.--THE ALGONQUINS.--THE HURONS: THEIR HOUSES; FORTIFICATIONS; HABITS; ARTS; WOMEN; TRADE; FESTIVITIES; MEDICINE.--THE TOBACCO NATION.--THE NEUTRALS.-- THE ERIES.--THE ANDASTES.--THE IROQUOIS: SOCIAL AND POLITICAL ORGANIZATION.--IROQUOIS INSTITUTIONS, CUSTOMS, AND CHARACTER.--INDIAN RELIGION AND SUPERSTITIONS.-- THE INDIAN MIND.
AMERICA, when it became known to Europeans, was, as it had long been, a scene of wide-spread revolution. North and South, tribe was giving place to tribe, language to language; for the Indian, hopelessly unchanging in respect to individual and social development, was, as regarded tribal relations and local haunts, mutable as the wind. In Canada and the northern section of the United States, the elements of change were especially active. The Indian population which, in 1535, Cartier found at Montreal and Quebec, had disappeared at the opening of the next century, and another race had succeeded, in language