and Social Change
Charles V. Willie
The community-development literature in sociology is underdeveloped. One suspects that omissions in this field are due largely to the fact that many contemporary social scientists have been handmaidens of and apologists for the establishment.
In his book, Maximum Feasible Misunderstanding, Daniel Patrick Moynihan discusses the so-called war on poverty of the Johnson administration as if it were concocted out of the minds of university professors and as if the main issue was a hassle between the Columbia University and the Harvard University professors about the appropriate way to fight the war.According to Moynihan, the Columbia professors won and thus the war on poverty was lost (5). Although subtitled, " Community Action in the War on Poverty," Moynihan's book has not a single reference to the Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr.It is as if King's demonstrations were of no effect.This, of course, is not true. But the establishment-oriented writers of contemporary social science act as if the public policymaking is not affected by the action from below—the community‐ development movement.
Marshall Clinard has stated that "reports on urban developments ...[throughout] the world have suggested that effective relations between politicians and citizens self-help projects are generally difficult" (3, pp. 275-76). Maybe this is why the politicians and the