Proceedings of CSCL '97: The Second International Conference on Computer Support for Collaborative Learning, December 10-14, 1997, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

By Rogers Hall; Naomi Miyake et al. | Go to book overview

different styles of communication and task for different types of learners. One interesting approach to this would be to create an entirely user-configurable learning environment, such that users can choose both how structured their goal is and what type of communication channels they use. Such an open- ended investigation would help define the set of elements within remote CSCL that are valuable across the range of possible learners.


Acknowledgements

This work was supported in part by TeleLearning Network of Centres of Excellence, Project 4.4.


References

[C94] Cohen, E.G. ( 1994) "Restructuring the classroom: Conditions for productive small groups". Review of Educational Research, 64( 1), 1-35.

[BTR+95] Bricker, L. J., Tanimoto, S. L., Rothenberg, A. I., Hutama, D. C. & Wong, T.H ( 1995) Multiplayer activities that develop mathematical coordination. In CSCL'95: First International Conference on Computer Support for Collaborative Learning, 32-39.

[B94] Bulkeley, W. M. ( 1994) Gender affects how user sees the computer. In Wall Street Journal, Wednesday March 16, B1-B4.

[DHH89] Dalton, D. W., Hannfin, M.J & Hooper, S. ( 1989) "Effects of individual and cooperative computer-assisted instruction on student performance and attitudes". Educational Technology Research & Development, 37( 2), 15- 24.

[GS97] Goldberg, M. W. & Salari, S. ( 1997) An update on WebCT (World-Wide-Web Course Tools) -- a tool for the creation of sophisticated web-based learning environments. In Proceedings of NAUWeb '97 - Current Practices in Web- Based Course Development, June 12 - 15, 1997, Flagstaff, Arizona.

[GG95] Griffin, D. & Gonzalez, R. ( 1995) "Correlational analysis of dyad-level data in the exchangeable case". Psychological Bulletin, 118( 3), 430-439.

[HKM92] Hertz-Lazarowitz, R., Kirkus, V. B. & Miller, N. ( 1992) Implications of current research on cooperative interaction for classroom application. In R. Hertz-Lazarowitz & N. Miller (Eds.), Interaction in cooperative groups: The theoretical anatomy of group learning. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

[H86] Hiltz, S. R. ( 1986) "The virtual classroom: Using computer-mediated communication for university teaching". J. of Communication, 36( 2), 95-104.

[HZD93] Hymel, S., Zinck, B. & Ditner, E. ( 1993) "Cooperation versus competition in the classroom". Exceptionality Education Canada, 3( 1, 2), 103-128.

[IUK+94] Inkpen, K., Upitis, R., Klawe, M., Lawry, J., Anderson , A., Ndunda, M., Sedighian, K., S. Leroux & Hsu, D. ( 1994) "We have never forgetful flowers in our garden: Girls' responses to electronic games". Journal of Computers in Math and Science Teaching, 13( 4), 383-403.

[IM91] Ishii, H., & Miyake, N. ( 1991) "Toward an open shared workspace: Computer and video fusion approach of TeamWorkStation". Communications of the ACM, 34( 12), 36-50.

[JJS86] Johnson, R. T., Johnson, D. W. & Stanne, M. B. ( 1986) "Comparison of computer-assisted cooperative, competitive, and individualistic learning". American Educational Research Journal, 23( 3), 382-392.

[JJSR85] Johnson, R. T., Johnson, D. W., Scott, L. E. & Ramolae, B.A ( 1985) "Effects of single-sex and mixed-sex cooperative interaction on science achievement and attitudes and cross-handicap and cross-sex relationships". J. of Research in Science Teaching, 22( 3), 207-220.

[JMJN81] Johnson, D. W., Maruyama, G., Johnson, R. & Nelson, D. ( 1981) "Effects of cooperative, competitive, and individualistic goal structures on achievement: A meta-analysis". Psychological Bulletin, 89( 1), 47-62.

[KP95] Klawe, M. & Phillips, E. ( 1995) Electronic games engage children as researchers. In CSCL '95, Bloomington, IN.

[M82] Malone, T. W. ( 1982) Heuristics for designing enjoyable user interfaces: Lessons from computer games. In Human Factors in Computer Systems, 63-68. Gaithersburg, MA.

[MIBK96] McGrenere, J., Inkpen, K., Booth, K. & Klawe, M. ( 1996) Experimental design: input device protocols and collaborative learning. Technical Report 96-11. University of British Columbia.

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