Understanding The Merchant of Venice: A Student Casebook to Issues, Sources, and Historical Documents

By Jay L. Halio | Go to book overview
Save to active project

3
Attitudes Toward Jews

After the fall of Jerusalem to the Romans in the first century of the common era and the destruction of the Second Temple, Jews were dispersed throughout the world. Many settled in Europe, North Africa, or elsewhere in the Middle East, though a small remnant remained in what is now Israel. During the first millennium, despite minor outbreaks of violence, Jews generally got along with their neighbors while clinging fast to their own religion and refusing to convert. As Christianity rose and became dominant in Europe, followed by Islam in the Middle East and Africa, Jews continued to live more or less in peace--despite the hostility of the church--until the time of the First Crusade ( 1095-99). The fervor against infidels that the crusades inspired also provoked an often ferocious anti-Semitism, which led to the destruction of many Jewish communities. The rape, murder, and pillaging of bands of "poor men," led by fanatical priests, became sporadic and widespread across Europe, culminating in the pogroms (massacres) of later centuries and ultimately to the decimation of European Jews in the Holocaust in World War II.

Until 1290, when Edward I expelled all Jews from England, communities of Jewish merchants, craftsmen, and others lived in various parts of the kingdom. As elsewhere in Europe, they were considered aliens and depended on rulers for protection and such

-47-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Understanding The Merchant of Venice: A Student Casebook to Issues, Sources, and Historical Documents
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 184

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?