International Handbook on Mental Health Policy

By Donna R. Kemp | Go to book overview
Save to active project

17
audi Arabia

Osama M. al-Radi


OVERVIEW

Saudi Arabia is an independent kingdom lying in southwestern Asia. It is bordered on the north by Jordan, Iraq, and Kuwait as well as the Saudi-Iraqi neutral zone, on the west by the Gulf of Arabia and the Red Sea, on the south by Yemen, on the southwest by Oman, and on the east by the Persian Gulf, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates.

The area of Saudi Arabia is 2,149,000 square kilometers. The Arabian peninsula is like a great block of rock, highest in the west and sloping gradually eastward. This pattern is broken in the southeast by the highlands of Oman. Saudi Arabia can be divided into the following land regions: western highlands, Najd plateau, the two main sand areas of Nufud and al-Ruba al-Khali, and the gulf lands. Fauna and flora in Saudi Arabia are limited.

The population is about 13 million according to the 1988 census. Bedouin make up about 20 percent of the population. All of the population speak the Arabic language with slightly different dialects, and all are Muslims, with the majority of the Sunnah sect and a minority of the Shiah sect, living mainly in the eastern region. Arabs are primarily Semitic. Tribal life values are prevalent, though much less so in large population centers like the capital, Riyadh, and the main seaport, Jeddah.

The ruling system in Saudi Arabia is kingship. The law is Islamic Shariah. There is a consultative council and a council of ministers headed by the king. No political parties are allowed.

The oil economy is the most important part of the modern Saudi economy. Agriculture and industry have smaller shares in the present economy, but plans for their development are being executed.

-353-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
International Handbook on Mental Health Policy
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 490

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?