SHOCKED by the Nazis' barbaric murder of millions of Jews and millions of Poles, Russians, Czechs and other nationals on the sole basis of "race" under Hitler's law -- just as Negroes are murdered on the basis of "race" in the United States under Mississippi, Virginia and Georgia law -- the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted the Genocide Convention on December 9, 1948.
The Convention, to a marked degree, is a result of the Nuremberg trials of the Nazi war criminals at the conclusion of World War II. The trial, according to Supreme Court Justice Robert H. Jackson of the United States, then a special prosecutor of the Nazi criminals, indicated that domestic genocide in time of peace has an inevitable tendency to the greater genocide of war. Indeed he declared in his opening statement that the first was preparation for the latter. This domestic genocide, Mr. Jackson asserted, was the foundation of predatory war and the prelude to the larger genocide that followed against the nationals of other countries, a genocide seeking the political and economic control of Europe, if not the world, as the previous domestic genocide had secured it in Germany.
As Justice Jackson said in his opening statement at the Nuremberg trial:
"How a government treats its own inhabitants generally is thought to be no concern of other governments or of international society. Certainly few oppressions or cruelties would warrant the intervention of foreign powers. But the German mistreatment of Germans is now known to pass in magnitude and savagery any limits of what is tolerable by modern civilization. Other nations by silence would take a consenting part in such crimes. These Nazi persecutions, moreover, take character as international crimes because of the purpose for which they were undertaken. If aggressive warfare in vio