The Mind of the Middle Ages, A.D. 200-1500: An Historical Survey

By Frederick B. Artz | Go to book overview

CHAPTER II
The Jewish and Early Christian Sources of Mediaeval Faith
1. JUDAISM AND THE OLD TESTAMENT
2. THE DIASPORA AND PHILO THE JEW
3. THE NEW TESTAMENT AND THE BEGINNINGS OF CHRISTIANITY

THE OCCIDENT is the heir of a double antiquity; alongside the classical background of mediaeval Christianity and culture lie the great traditions of Judaism and early Christianity. These two strands of culture must have had many things in common, or, later on, they could never have fused. But they started from different premises; the Greeks sought after knowledge, the Jews sought after righteousness. In the quest, however, each culture ranged over the whole of existence and independently discovered nearly all the worlds of thought and emotion knowable to the mind and heart of man.


1. JUDAISM AND THE OLD TESTAMENT

THE OLD traditional religions of the Greeks and the Romans were not embodied in sacred books. Judaism and Christianity and, later, Mohammedanism were religions of the book. The name, Bible, may come

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The Mind of the Middle Ages, A.D. 200-1500: An Historical Survey
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface to First Edition vii
  • Acknowledgments x
  • Contents xi
  • Illustrations xiv
  • Acknowledgments xiv
  • Part One - The Dominance of the East 1
  • Chapter I - The Classical Backgrounds of Mediaeval Christianity 3
  • Chapter II - The Jewish and Early Christian Sources of Mediaeval Faith 39
  • Chapter III - The Patristic Age, 2nd-5th Centuries 64
  • Chapter IV - Byzantine Civilization 95
  • Chapter V - Islamic Civilization 132
  • Chapter VI - The Latin West, 5th-10th Centuries 179
  • Part Two - The Revival of the West, 1000-1500 223
  • Chapter VII - Learning (I) 225
  • Chapter VIII - Learning (II) 270
  • Chapter IX - Literature (I) 320
  • Chapter X - Literature (II) 355
  • Chapter XI - Art and Music 384
  • Chapter XII - Underlying Attitudes 419
  • Epilogue 443
  • Notes 456
  • Bibliographical Notes 503
  • Index 559
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