7There are, as outlined in §2.7, seven kinds of complement clause,
which can fill the object or subject (or, sometimes, a post-object)
slot in a main clause. All Secondary and Primary-B verbs take
complement clauses--but each one allows only some of the full
range of complement clause possibilities. Which complement
clauses a given verb may accept is determined by the meaning of
the verb and the meanings of the complement clause constructions.In §7.2 we outline the meanings of the different kinds of
complement clause. §§7.3-4 then deal with Secondary and
Primary-B types, one at a time, looking at the overall meaning of
each type and the specific meanings of individual verbs within the
type, thus providing a semantic explanation for the complement
clauses that occur. §7.1 deals briefly with 'parentheticals', which
are related to THAT complement constructions.We can recapitulate here the kinds of complement clause (from
the account in §2.7):
I know that it seems that he'll make me
want to describe her starting to say that she
knows that it seems that . . .
|i. ||THAT. The initial that may often be omitted when it
immediately follows the main clause predicate.|
|ii. ||WH-. This is introduced by whether/if, or by any other wh-
word, e.g. who, what, where, how, why; this wh- introducer may
not be omitted.|
|iii. ||ING. The complement clause subject, if included, may in
some circumstances be marked by 's.|
|iv. ||Modal (FOR) TO. If the complement clause subject is
omitted, then for is also dropped. For may (with some verbs) or
must (with others) be omitted when the complement clause|
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: A New Approach to English Grammar, on Semantic Principles.
Contributors: R. M. W. Dixon - Author.
Publisher: Clarendon Press.
Place of publication: Oxford.
Publication year: 1992.
Page number: 207.
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