The Prospects for Communist China

By W. W. Rostow. | Go to book overview

1848-1865 Great Taiping Peasant Rebellion
1890-1898 Peaceful reform movements
1895 Sun Yat-sen's first revolutionary attempt
1901 Boxer Rebellion
1905 Sun Yat-sen exiled (to Japan)
Sun Yat-sen's first statement of the Three Principles of the
People ( San Min Chu I) and foundation of the T'ung Meng
Hui revolutionary society
1905-1908 Anti-foreign boycotts
1906 Manchu recognition of "constitutional principle"
1911 Collapse of Manchu regime
KuomintangChinese Communist Party
(KMT) ( CCP)
1912 February 12. Chinese Repub
lic proclaimed: Sun Yat-sen
proclaimed President, but
yields position to Yuan Shih
kai. KMT party succeeds
T'ung Meng Hui.
1916 Sun Yat-sen succeeds to presi
dency on death of Yuan Shih-
(A period of ineffectual at
tempts to unify China, dur
ing which Sun Yat-sen un
successfully sought substan
tial assistance from Britain
and the United States.)
1919 Marxist study groups appear,
their most prominent leader
Ch'en Tu-hsiu, at Peking Uni-
1920 P'eng Pai emerges as Commu
nist peasant leader. Comin
tern sends two agents to China
to contact Chinese Commu
1921 Sun Yat-sen is offered the co 1921 July. Chinese Communist
operation of the Comintern. Party founded at its First Con
(A period of indecision gress in Shanghai, and decides
while Sun Yat-sen considers on unofficial cooperation with
and negotiates CommunistKMT.
1923 Sun Yat-sen concludes agree 1923 CCP officially joins with Kuo
ment with Soviet Ambassador mintang.
Joffe for Comintern assistance; (A period during which the
and Borodin arrives as adviser Communists really consti
to Sun to reorganize KMT. tute left wing of the Kuo
Sun sends Chiang Kai-shek to mintang.)
Moscow to observe Soviet
1925 March 12. Sun Yat-sen dies.
Chiang Kai-shek becomes nom
inal Kuomintang leader.
1926 March 20. Chiang Kai-shek consolidates his effectual control of KMT
by arresting political workers in army, seizing pro-Communist leaders
and Soviet advisers in Canton, thus foreshadowing the end of KMT
CCP cooperation.
1926 The Northern Expedition to 1926 CCP fails to capture leader
the Yangtze begins in July. ship of industrial strikes in
KMT armies have great suc Canton, Hong Kong, Shang
cess. hai, etc.
December. KMT government
moves from Canton to Han
kow. A time of peasant move
ments and strikes.
1927 March 24. KMT enters Nan
March 26. KMT enters
Northern Expedition peters
out, with negotiated unifica
tion of China under Chiang
April 12. Chiang Kai-shek crushes the Communist-led unions in
Shanghai, decisively terminating any semblance of CCP participation
in his regime. "Nationalist Government" set up in Nanking.
July 15. Peasant revolt crushed.
Chiang firmly in power.
1927 December 11-13. After fail
ure to seize and hold Canton,
Communists gather in the
1928 First Chinese Communist army
formed under Chu Teh and
Mao Tse-tung.
1931 (Japanese invade Manchuria)
(The period of Chiang's war 1931 November 7. Chinese Soviet
to consolidate the rest of Republic proclaimed at Jui
China and defeat the Com Chin (Kiangsi). It controls 6
munists while Japan consoli districts. It declares war on
dates occupation of Man Japan.
churia.) 1932- Chu-Mao combination achieves
1933 leadership of Communist
1934 November 10. Chinese Soviet
Republic dies, its control over
the 6 districts broken by
Chiang's victories; the Long
March begins.
1935 Long March ends in Shensi;
Communists build army and
consolidate peasant support.
1936 December. Chiang kidnaped 1936 December. Communists, Chou
at Sian when his troops de En-lai as spokesman, and
mand to fight Japanese in Chiang Kai-shek negotiate
stead of Communists. United Front against Japanese.
1937 (July. Beginning of war with Japan)
(The period of ostensible collaboration of the CCP and KMT in the
United Front against the Japanese)
1938 Nationalist government moves
to Chungking in 1938.
1941 January. Communist Fourth Army incident, in effect, terminates
United Front.
1941 Communists begin reconsoli
dating their hold in North
1942 Cheng Feng party reform
movement launched by Mao
Tse-tung. Initiation of vari
ous party reform movements
which continued through 1950.
(Period of Communist ex
tension of control over some
300,000 square miles and
95,000,000 people.)
1945 Confirmation of Yalta provi
sions by Sino-Soviet Treaty.
1946- Marshall Mission: its failure marks official end of KMT-CCP collab
1947 oration (or truce), and the resumption of civil war.
1949 October 1. Promulgation of the People's Republic (Communist) of
China with capitol at Peking.
1949 September 29. Promulgation
of the Common Program (the
basic policies for Communist
December 7. Chiang Kai-shek
goes to Formosa.
Internal External
1950 April 30. The Marriage Law. 1950 February 14. Sino-Soviet
Basic attack on old family sys Treaty of Alliance.
June 29. Trade Union Law.
June 30. Agrarian Reform
Law. Major instrument for
land redistribution which con
tinued until the spring of
November 26. Chinese enter
the Korean War.
1951 February 21. Regulations of
the People's Republic of China
for Punishment of counter
revolutionaries which went on
until superseded by "Provi
sional Methods for Control of
Counter-Revolutionaries" of
June 1952. (These control
methods still continue to be
publicized and employed.)
March 14. Proclamation con
cerning the Popularization
and Intensification of the Re
sist ACmerica Aid Korea Prop
aganda throughout the coun
try. (Campaign, with many
smaller subsidiaries, continued
through the spring of 1954.)
May. Production Increase and 1951 May. Tibet occupied by Chi
Economy Drive initiated by nese troops.
Kao Kang in Manchuria, grad
ually spread from there to
July 10. Truce negotiations
begin at Kaesong, Korea (fol
lowing Malik speech of June
23 in U.N.).
October. The 3-Anti, 5-Anti
Movements. The 3-Anti part
of party reform and reorgani
zation; 5-Anti major urban
movement against business
class. (Continued to June
1952 December. Chou En-lai an 1952 February. Chou En-lai makes
nounces First Five Year Plan germ warfare charges.
for 1953-1957 (extended to
1959). Major move toward
industrializing China.
1953 March. Sino-Soviet Trade
1953 October 1. New "General July 27. Korean War Armi
Line" of Transition to Social stice signed.
ism announced. Major pro
gram for 1954: (a) November
23. "Order of Government
Administrative Council for En
forcement of Planned Pur
chase and Planned Supply of
Grain." (b) December 16.
Decision on the Development
of Agrarian Production Coop
December. New Bond Drive.
1954 June. Draft Constitution of 1954 April-July. Geneva Confer
the People's Republic of China ence on Korea and Indo
issued. (Includes abolition of China. First entry of Com
6 administrative regions.) munist China into a great
power conference.


Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Cite this page

Cited page

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)


1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25,

Cited page

Bookmark this page
The Prospects for Communist China


Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 379

matching results for page

Cited passage

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25,

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.