Tractates on the Gospel of John - Vol. 5

By Augustine; John W. Rettig | Go to book overview

TRACTATE 117

On John 19.17-22

WHEN PILATE in his judgment seat judged and condemned him, about the sixth hour they took the Lord Jesus Christ and led him out.1."And carrying a cross for himself, he went out to that place which is called Calvary, in Hebrew Golgotha, where they crucified him." What is it, therefore, that the Evangelist Mark says, "Now it was the third hour and they crucified him,"2. except that at the third hour the Lord was crucified by the tongues of the Jews, at the sixth hour by the hands of the soldiers? That we may understand that the fifth hour was already past and something of the sixth hour begun when Pilate sat down in the judgment seat (which was said by John to be about the sixth hour), and when he was led and fastened on the wooden cross together with the two robbers and those things were done beside the cross that are related as having been done, the entire sixth hour would be completed. And from this hour to the ninth, the authority of the three Evangelists, Matthew, Mark, and Luke, attests that the sun was obscured and darkness occurred.3. But because the Jews tried to transfer the crime of Christ's killing from themselves to the Romans, that is, to Pilate and his soldiers, for this reason Mark, refraining from mentioning the hour at which Christ was crucified by the soldiers, which had already begun at the sixth hour, rather recalled and intentionally put the third hour, the hour at which one understands that they would have cried out before Pilate, "Crucify, crucify,"4. so that not only those men are found to have crucified Jesus, that is, the soldiers who hung him on the wooden cross at the sixth hour, but also the Jews who at the third hour cried out that he be crucified.

____________________
1.
Cf. Jn 19.13-16.
2.
Mk 15.25.
3.
Cf. Mt 27.45; Mk 15.33; Lk 23.44-45.
4.
Cf. Jn 19.6; see Mk 15.13-14.

-33-

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Tractates on the Gospel of John - Vol. 5
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Abbreviations vii
  • Select Bibliography for Tr in Ev ix
  • Select Bibliography for Tr in Io Ep xi
  • Tractates on the Gospel of John 112-24 1
  • Tractate 112 on John 18.1-12 3
  • Tractate 113 on John 18.13-27 9
  • Tractate 114 on John 18.28-32 16
  • Tractate 115 on John 18.33-40 21
  • Tractate 116 on John 19.1-16 27
  • Tractate 117 33
  • Tractate 118 39
  • Tractate 119 45
  • Tractate 120 50
  • Tractate 121 on John 20.10-29 56
  • Tractate 122 on John 20.30-31, 21.1-11 62
  • Tractate 123 74
  • Tractate 124 - On John 21.19-25 82
  • Tractates on the First Epistle of John 1-10 95
  • Introduction 97
  • Prologue 119
  • Tractate 1 on 1 Jn 1.1-2.11 121
  • Tractate 2 on I Jn 2.12--17 141
  • Tractate 3 on 1 Jn 2.18-27 159
  • Tractate 4 on 1 Jn 2.27-3.9 173
  • Tractate 5 on 1 Jn 3.9-18 185
  • Tractate 6 on 1 Jn 3.18-4.3 198
  • Tractate 7 217
  • Tractate 8 on I Jn 4.12-16 228
  • Tractate 9 on 1 Jn 4.17-21 246
  • Tractate 10 on 1 Jn 5.1-3 262
  • Indices 279
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