Tractates on the Gospel of John - Vol. 5

By Augustine; John W. Rettig | Go to book overview

TRACTATE 118

On John 19.23-24

THOSE THINGS that were done near the Lord's cross when he had already been crucified, let us, as far as he gives [us] help, expound in this discourse. "The soldiers, therefore, when they had crucified him, took his garments (and they made four parts, to every soldier a part) and his tunic. Now the tunic was without seam, woven from the top throughout. They said then to one another, 'Let us not cut it, but let us cast lots for it, whose it is,' that the Scripture might be fulfilled, saying, 'They divided my garments among them and for my clothing they cast lots."' What the Jews wished was done; not they themselves, but the soldiers who carried out Pilate's orders, [and] upon his judgment, crucified Jesus. And yet if their wills, if their plottings, if their effort, if their betrayal, finally if their extorting shouts [are what] we reflect upon, undoubtedly the Jews crucified him more.

2. But as to the division and allocation by lot of his garments one must not speak cursorily. For although all four Evangelists recalled this fact, yet the others [did so] more briefly than John, and they obscurely, but this one most openly. For Matthew says, "Now after they crucified him, they divided his garments, casting the lot."1. Mark: "And crucifying him, they divided his garments, casting the lot upon them [to see] who should take what."2. Luke: "But dividing his garments they cast lots."3. But John also mentioned how many parts they made from his garments, that is, four, so that they might take one each. And from this it is apparent that there were four soldiers who carried out the governor's orders in crucifying him. For indeed he clearly says, "The soldiers, therefore, when they had crucified him, took his garments (and they made four

____________________
1.
Cf. Mt 27.35.
2.
Mk 15.24.
3.
Cf. Lk 23.34.

-39-

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Tractates on the Gospel of John - Vol. 5
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Abbreviations vii
  • Select Bibliography for Tr in Ev ix
  • Select Bibliography for Tr in Io Ep xi
  • Tractates on the Gospel of John 112-24 1
  • Tractate 112 on John 18.1-12 3
  • Tractate 113 on John 18.13-27 9
  • Tractate 114 on John 18.28-32 16
  • Tractate 115 on John 18.33-40 21
  • Tractate 116 on John 19.1-16 27
  • Tractate 117 33
  • Tractate 118 39
  • Tractate 119 45
  • Tractate 120 50
  • Tractate 121 on John 20.10-29 56
  • Tractate 122 on John 20.30-31, 21.1-11 62
  • Tractate 123 74
  • Tractate 124 - On John 21.19-25 82
  • Tractates on the First Epistle of John 1-10 95
  • Introduction 97
  • Prologue 119
  • Tractate 1 on 1 Jn 1.1-2.11 121
  • Tractate 2 on I Jn 2.12--17 141
  • Tractate 3 on 1 Jn 2.18-27 159
  • Tractate 4 on 1 Jn 2.27-3.9 173
  • Tractate 5 on 1 Jn 3.9-18 185
  • Tractate 6 on 1 Jn 3.18-4.3 198
  • Tractate 7 217
  • Tractate 8 on I Jn 4.12-16 228
  • Tractate 9 on 1 Jn 4.17-21 246
  • Tractate 10 on 1 Jn 5.1-3 262
  • Indices 279
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