Conversion Survey, 1997: Global Disarmament and Disposal of Surplus Weapons

By Herbert Wulf; Bonn International Center for Conversion | Go to book overview
A number of developments are expected to unfold in the year 1997 with respect to how countries will proceed with national plans to dispose of chemical weapons. It is of particular importance for the United States and Russia--with a combined chemical arsenal of approximately 70,000 agent tons--to join the other countries in ratifying the Convention. If they place themselves under the international jurisdiction of the treaty, chemical weapon destruction must occur under a tight time regime and be completed by the year 2007, with a possible 5-year extension. In the case of their failure to ratify however, it is hoped that the two countries will proceed in the direction of unilaterally eliminating the threat of an aging chemical weapon arsenal. The US has already made progress on this path with two disposal facilities in operation. Russia is behind, largely for financial reasons. Four countries are lending a helping hand to get a Russian chemical weapon disposal program up and running; however. Western support falls short of Russian expectations. Delays in the Russian program have also occurred due to difficulties in convincing communities that destruction will occur under safe conditions. The same problems are weighing down the process in the United States and consequently adjustments in the national plan have already been made. In addition to arguing that countries should join together in meeting international obligations for disarmament, proponents of the Convention can also rightfully argue that, the longer chemical weapons remain in storage, the greater the difficulties and complexities of handling them, the greater the costs incurred, and the greater the risk of accidents or leaking munitions.At the end of 1996 the issue of surplus chemical weapons looked like an unfinished puzzle with most of the pieces on the board but not yet in place. As more information becomes available and experience is gained in this field, perhaps the puzzle will become less complicated in time and additional lessons can be learned on how to tackle the problems of chemical weapon disposal.
References
Babievsky, Kirill K. and Alexander V. Fokin. 1996. "Chemical 'echo' of the wars." In Kaffka, 1996, pp. 29-34.
BICC. See: Bonn International Center for Conversion.
Blakeman, Karen. 1995. "Cleaning up past: new Belgian disposal center gets rid of WWI ordnance." Stars and Stripes. 20 September, p. 20.
Bonn International Center for Conversion. 1996. Conversion Survey 1996. Global Disarmament, Demilitarization and Demobilization. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
The CBW Chronicle. 1996. Vol. II, Issue 2 (September). Washington DC: Henry L. Stimson Center.
Chemical Demilitarization Update. 1995. Special Edition. Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD: Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization. July.
Chemical Weapons Working Group. 1996. "Defense Appropriations Committees approve funding alternatives to incineration of chemical weapons." Press Release, 14 September.
Coats, Dan. 1996. "Letter to The Honorable Togo D. West, Secretary of the Army, The Pentagon, Washington, DC." Capitol Hill Press Database. 24 September.
Conference on Disarmament. 1988. "Past Production of Chemical Warfare Agents in the United Kingdom." Working Paper CD/856. Geneva, 11 August.
_____. 1991. "Destruction of CW Stocks, Weapons and Associated Plant." Working Paper CD/CW/WP.373. Geneva, 21 October.
_____. 1992. "Some Information on Discovered Chemical Weapons Abandoned in China by a Foreign State." Working Paper CD/CW/WP.384. Geneva, 18 February.
Covington. Ned. 1996. "The DoD Chemical Demilitarization Program: Start-up at Tooele." CBIAC Newsletter. Vol. 2, No. 4.
Edwards, Rob. 1995. "Danger from the deep." New Scientist. 18 November. p. 16.
Evans, Peter. 1996. "Background Paper: Destruction of Abandoned Chemical Weapons in China." Bonn: BICC.
FAFVC. See: Federal Armed Forces Verification Center.
Federal Armed Forces Verification Center. 1995a. "Facility Agreement: Incineration Plant." Munster: FAFVC.

-211-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Conversion Survey, 1997: Global Disarmament and Disposal of Surplus Weapons
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 320

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.