Sources and methodsThe appendix tables A1 to A4 present estimates for absolute values of military expenditures, holdings in certain types of weaponry,
armed forces personnel, and employment in
arms production for the latest year available.
In addition, trends from 1985 to 1994 are
provided as index numbers, with 1995 equal
to 100. (The numbers may not add up due to
rounding off.)The numbers in the various data bases
maintained at BICC are constantly updated
and changed. BICC Conversion Surveys report
the data as available at the time of writing;
later editions may therefore contain more
up-to-dale data. Recent data is more likely to
change than data for earlier years. In addition
to the general issue of data updates, figures
in this edition of the Conversion Survey may
differ from those in the Conversion Survey
1996 because military expenditure estimates
in this edition have been based on market
exchange rates instead of on purchasing
power parities for more countries than in the 1996-edition and because of a broader base
for the data series on military holdings.Along with national data, countries have
also been grouped for purposes of regional
comparison; the composition of these groups
is explained below. Group indices have
been calculated on the basis of absolute data
for each country group.For countries not listed in A1 to A4, either
data is not available or the relevant category
is not applicable. Thus countries without military sectors are not mentioned in the appendix tables.Appendix table conventions:n.a. Not applicable;
country did not exist in relevant year
or relevant basic data equal to nil-- Data not available,
but likely to be different from nilAreas shaded in A1 to A4 indicate decreasing
trends. The criterion for shading is either:
|• ||the average for 1985-1993 is above
the value for 1995; or|
|• ||at least one of the values for 1992-1994 is more than 30 percent
higher than the value for 1995.|
Data shown in this appendix is often estimated. Thus emphasis in interpretation
should be placed not on individual numbers
or minor changes, but rather on more general trends. The quality of data is generally better for OECD-member countries than for other
Treatment of new and
Some adjustment has been necessary for
countries which have recently united or which
have disintegrated into independent states.
Index data for Germany and Yemen combine the data for the previously independent
countries of East and West Germany and
North and South Yemen, respectively. For the
sake of consistency in the regional series,
data for East Germany before 1990 has been
included in the estimate for Western Europe.
For Russia, index data up to 1990 is based
on the relevant trend for the Soviet Union.
For the calculation of the 1990-1991 trend, it
was assumed that 60 percent of the assets
and resources of the former Soviet military
sector were located on Russian territory. For
other former Soviet republics, separate
figures have not been included until after
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Conversion Survey, 1997:Global Disarmament and Disposal of Surplus Weapons.
Contributors: Herbert Wulf - Author, Bonn International Center for Conversion - OrganizationName.
Publisher: Oxford University Press.
Place of publication: New York.
Publication year: 1997.
Page number: 275.
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