Conversion Survey, 1997: Global Disarmament and Disposal of Surplus Weapons

By Herbert Wulf; Bonn International Center for Conversion | Go to book overview

data appendix

Sources and methods
The appendix tables A1 to A4 present estimates for absolute values of military expenditures, holdings in certain types of weaponry, armed forces personnel, and employment in arms production for the latest year available. In addition, trends from 1985 to 1994 are provided as index numbers, with 1995 equal to 100. (The numbers may not add up due to rounding off.)The numbers in the various data bases maintained at BICC are constantly updated and changed. BICC Conversion Surveys report the data as available at the time of writing; later editions may therefore contain more up-to-dale data. Recent data is more likely to change than data for earlier years. In addition to the general issue of data updates, figures in this edition of the Conversion Survey may differ from those in the Conversion Survey 1996 because military expenditure estimates in this edition have been based on market exchange rates instead of on purchasing power parities for more countries than in the 1996-edition and because of a broader base for the data series on military holdings.Along with national data, countries have also been grouped for purposes of regional comparison; the composition of these groups is explained below. Group indices have been calculated on the basis of absolute data for each country group.For countries not listed in A1 to A4, either data is not available or the relevant category is not applicable. Thus countries without military sectors are not mentioned in the appendix tables.Appendix table conventions:n.a. Not applicable; country did not exist in relevant year or relevant basic data equal to nil-- Data not available, but likely to be different from nilAreas shaded in A1 to A4 indicate decreasing trends. The criterion for shading is either:
the average for 1985-1993 is above the value for 1995; or
at least one of the values for 1992-1994 is more than 30 percent higher than the value for 1995.

Data shown in this appendix is often estimated. Thus emphasis in interpretation should be placed not on individual numbers or minor changes, but rather on more general trends. The quality of data is generally better for OECD-member countries than for other countries.


Treatment of new and unifying states

Some adjustment has been necessary for countries which have recently united or which have disintegrated into independent states.

Index data for Germany and Yemen combine the data for the previously independent countries of East and West Germany and North and South Yemen, respectively. For the sake of consistency in the regional series, data for East Germany before 1990 has been included in the estimate for Western Europe.

For Russia, index data up to 1990 is based on the relevant trend for the Soviet Union. For the calculation of the 1990-1991 trend, it was assumed that 60 percent of the assets and resources of the former Soviet military sector were located on Russian territory. For other former Soviet republics, separate figures have not been included until after

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