Migrants, Refugees, and Foreign Policy: U.S. and German Policies toward Countries of Origin

By Rainer Münz | Go to book overview

viduals at risk, while deterring those who are not, but one must be cognizant of the variety of limitations, costs, and potential failures associated with these arrangements. Return schemes are also a useful policy tool, though they work best for the repatriation of refugees at the end of a conflict and are less useful in inducing labor migrants to return home or assisting their integration. Policies aimed at lowering the level of violence against civilians in countries engaged in a civil war or in political repression against opponents are worth greater attention than they have thus far received, particularly if advanced industrial countries are prepared to use their economic leverage and military power to impose restrictions on combatants and themselves refrain from the sale of mines and weapons.

These policy options offer no magic panaceas. Each case requires a careful analysis of what is appropriate. There are always costs and risks as well as possible beneficial outcomes, and what may work in one case may not in another. Once adopted, policies must be monitored, and in some instances, the time horizons are long. Policymakers in the United States and Germany should pay closer attention than they have in the past to linking migration and refugee issues to the full range of foreign policy tools in order to influence conditions within countries that force people to leave.


Notes
1.
The members of the working group were Heinz-Jürgen Axt, Frank Bean, Barbara Dietz, Elmar Hönekopp, Philip Martin, Christopher Mitchell, Rainer Münz, Barry Posen, Rosemarie Rogers, Volker Ronge, and Myron Weiner. The group was chaired by the editors of this volume.

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Migrants, Refugees, and Foreign Policy: U.S. and German Policies toward Countries of Origin
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Introduction vii
  • Chapter 1 the Impact of German Policy on Refugee Flows from Former Yugoslavia 1
  • Notes 27
  • References 30
  • Chapter 2 the Impact of U.S. Policy on Migration from Mexico and the Caribbean 35
  • Notes 71
  • References 72
  • Chapter 3 Migration in the Russian Federation Since the Mid-1980s Refugees, Immigrants, and Emigrants 77
  • Summary and Conclusions 108
  • Notes 109
  • References 111
  • Chapter 4 German Policies Toward Ethnic German Minorities 117
  • References 140
  • Chapter 5 German Policies Toward Russia and Other Successor States 141
  • Conclusion 159
  • Notes 162
  • References 163
  • Chapter 6 the New Labor Migration as an Instrument of German Foreign Policy 165
  • References 178
  • Chapter 7 Bad Neighbors, Bad Neighborhoods an Inquiry into the Causes of Refugee Flows, 1969-1992 183
  • Conclusion 224
  • Notes 225
  • References 227
  • Chapter 8 Economic Instruments to Affect Countries of Origin 231
  • Conclusions 261
  • Notes 265
  • References 269
  • Chapter 9 Can Military Intervention Limit Refugee Flows? 273
  • Conclusion 309
  • Notes 313
  • References 319
  • Chapter 10 Conclusion - Policies to Reduce Refugee Flows and Pressures for Emigration 323
  • Conclusion 353
  • Notes 355
  • Notes on Contributors 357
  • Index 363
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