Register of Ships of the U.S. Navy, 1775-1990: Major Combatants

By K. Jack Bauer; Stephen S. Roberts | Go to book overview

3 The New Navy, 1883-1990

Monitors (BM)

1874

Puritan
Displacement: 6060 tons Machinery 3700 IHP; 2 compound
Dimensions: 296'3"(oa.) × 60'2"(e) × 18'6"(max) engines, 2 screws
Armament: 4-12"/35 6-4"/40 * Speed: 12.4 kts.
Armor (Steel): 14" belt, 8" turrets (Harvey), 2" deck, 10" Complement: 208
conning tower
No. Hull Machinery Laid down Launched Commiss'd Disposition
1 PURITAN Roach Morgan May 76 6 Dec 82 10 Dec 96 Stk. 18 Feb 13, sold 26 Jan 22.
Notes: Officially considered to be the old monitor Puritan rebuilt, she was completed under fiscal
year 1887. Designed in 1874 as an iron hulled copy of the Civil War ship, she was suspended from 1877
to 1882 when Congress authorized her launching. She was transferred to the New York Navy Yard after
launch and was redesigned in 1886 with 4-10" breechloaders as in the Miantonomoh. She was completed
to a third set of plans drafted in 1889. She served as a training ship 1899-1901, 1904-10 and a
target (Target B) 1910-17. Two 4" guns were put ashore during her 1901-03 commission.

AMPHITRITE class
Displacement: 3990 tonsMachinery: 3000 IHP, 2 horizontal
Dimensions: 262'9"(Amphitrite, oa.), 262'3"(Monadnock, oa.), triple-expansion engines, 2 screws
263'1"(others, oa.) × 55'10"(e) × 15'0"(Miantonomoh, max), (Monadnock); 1426 IHP, 2 inclined
15'4"(Terror, max), 14'8" (others, max) compound engines, 2 screws
Armament: 2-10"/30 2-10"/34 (Miantonomoh); 4-10"/30 (Terror); (Miantonomoh); 1600 IHP, 2 inclined
4-10"/30 2-4"/40 (others); 4-10"/30 4-4"/40 (Terror, 1904) compound engines, 2 screws (others)
Armor (Steel): 9" (Amphitrite and Monadnock), 7" (others) Speed: 12 kts. (Monadnock); 10.5 kts.
belt; 7 1/2" (Amphitrite and Monadnock), 11 1/2" (others) (others)
turrets; 1 ¾" deck; 10" conning tower Complement: 149 (Miantonomoh), 171
(others)
No. Hull Machinery Laid down Launched Commiss'd Disposition
2 AMPHITRITE Harlan&Hollingsworth 1874 7 Jun 83 23 Apr 95 Stk. 24 Jul 19, sold 3 Jan 20
3 MONADNOCK Continen­ Mare I. 15 Jan 75 19 Sep 83 20 Feb 96 Stk. 2 Feb 23, sold 24 Aug 23
tal,Vallejo
4 TERROR Cramp Cramp 1874 24 Mar 83 15 Apr 96 Stk. 31 Dec 15, sold 10 Mar 21
5 MIANTONOMOH Roach Morgan 1874 5 Dec 76 27 Oct 91 Stk. 31 Dec 15, sold 26 Jan 22.
Notes: Officially considered to be the old monitors of the same names rebuilt, they were completed
under fiscal years 1887 (Nos. 2-4) and 1888 (5). They were initially designed in 1874 as iron hulled
copies of the Civil War ships of the same names. The Continental Iron Works fabricated the hull of
the Monadnock at their Brooklyn works and shipped the pieces to California for assembly at Vallejo by
Phineas Burgess. The ships were suspended from 1877 to 1882, when Congress authorized their
launchings and transfers to navy yards for completion. The Monadnock was completed by Mare Island,
Amphitrite by Norfolk Navy Yard, and Miantonomoh and Terror by New York Navy Yard. (The incomplete
Miantonomoh was commissioned on 6 Oct 82, steamed to New York, and decommissioned on 13 Mar 83.) The
ships were redesigned around 1886 with 4-10" breechloaders. The Miantonomoh was completed to this
design, while the others were again modified in 1889 to the extent that their state of advancement
permitted. The Miantonomoh had compound instead of steel armor on her turrets. Poor sea boats
because of their low freeboard, they were also difficult to steer. They failed to make their designed
speeds, which were 14.5 knots (Monadnock) and 12 knots (Terror and Amphitrite) The Amphitrite served
as a training vessel 1898-1904 and 1910-17 as did the Terror in 1902-06 and the Miantonomoh in 1905-
15. The Monadnock served as a submarine tender 1912-18. She was put on the sale list on 1 Jul 21 but
removed on 11 Aug 21. The Miantonomoh and Terror served as Targets C and D before their disposal,
Terror being so designated on 1 Jun 16.
Reclassification: Monadnock to "unclassified" (IX-17) 1 Jul 21.
____________________
*
Hereafter, unless otherwise stated, all guns may be assumed to be breech-loading rifles and all armor is Krupp Nickel-Cemented (KNC).

-99-

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Register of Ships of the U.S. Navy, 1775-1990: Major Combatants
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Illustrations vii
  • Preface xi
  • Standard Abbreviations xv
  • Ship and Engine Builders xvii
  • 1 - The Sail Navy, 1775-1853 1
  • 2 - The Old Steam Navy, 1814-1876 39
  • 3 - The New Navy, 1883-1990 99
  • Bibliography 299
  • Hull Number Index 303
  • Index 309
  • About the Authors 351
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