Environmental Degradation and
Security in South Asia
In 1978, the people of the Tehri-Garhwal district in the Uttar Pradesh province of India launched a protest movement against a federally funded dam project that had been under construction since 1968. According to the organizers of the movement, dam-related activities had caused wide scale deforestation, landslides, soil erosion, and other forms of ecological adversity in the area, thereby resulting in serious disruption of the livelihood patterns of the local populace. Despite extensive popular participation in the protest, the Indian government continued the project. 1
By the mid- 1980s, the protest movement had spawned a separatist demand for carving out a new province called Uttarkhand from the existing Uttar Pradesh province. Those advocating this demand declared that the local population was seeking greater empowerment vis-à-vis the existing federal provincial power structure. Simultaneously, on behalf of the local population, public interest litigation was filed with the Indian Supreme Court by the World Wildlife Fund and other domestic as well as international nongovernmental organizations under Article 32 of the Indian constitution. As the decade drew to a close, the Indian government had not arranged for a hearing on the subject, the separatist movement in the region had intensified, and the number of federal paramilitary troops in the Tehri-Garhwal district had increased substantially. Even
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Publication information: Book title: South Asia Approaches the Millennium:Reexamining National Security. Contributors: Marvin G. Weinbaum - Editor. Publisher: Westview Press. Place of publication: Boulder, CO. Publication year: 1995. Page number: 145.
This material is protected by copyright and, with the exception of fair use, may not be further copied, distributed or transmitted in any form or by any means.