CHAPTER 23
The Effect
of the Occupation
on Other Aspects
of Living

WHAT DIFFERENCE does the occupation make to other parts of a person's life? A very great deal. Obviously, differences in income associated with differences in occupation have a direct effect on most aspects of living. The satisfactions obtained from life will also vary noticeably with the occupation, but this relationship is intricate, because the occupation chosen is affected by the satisfactions desired. In addition, there will be many other differences, of which perhaps the most important are associated with the differences in the people with whom time is spent not only within but also outside working hours. To a large extent this is conditioned by what is done during working hours. Finally, social status in the community usually depends more upon the occupation than upon any other single factor.


INCOME

The actual income received, whether in terms of salary, commissions, special perquisites, or what, is not the only thing to be considered. Psychologically the relation between what a man gets and what he thinks he should get is also of great importance. He may want more money than he receives, but if he is getting as much as others of his own level, and if he thinks this is in general fair, the psychological situation will be very different from what it would be if he felt that he was not being fairly paid. In the effect on general satisfaction this relationship is more important than the actual amount of income.

Thomsen and Roper asked 158 college students what yearly income they expected 10 to 20 years after graduation, and noted that the income expected in 20 years was about twice as high as that then being

-292-

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